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in 2011 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 

t is with heartfelt thanks and sincere apprecia- 
tion that we, the first graduating class of Cen- 
tral Yeshiva High School, dedicate this annual to Yeshiva 

For many years now, Yeshiva University has been suc- 
cessfully accomplishing its purpose of perpetuating Judaism 
through education. Until recently, however, adequate He- 
brew education for girls was not an active part of this aim. 
Realizing the increasingly important role of women in mod- 
ern Jewish life, Yeshiva University has once again broadened 
its scope by taking us under its guidance and supervision. 

As the graduating class of June, 1951, we wish to ex- 
tend our sincerest gratitude to Yeshiva University for en- 
abling us to join its ranks. We fervently pledge to do our 
part in upholding its high standards and lofty ideals in the 
furthering of religious education for women. 


A Massage to the Graduates 



President. Yeshiva University 

To The Graduating Class of 1951: 

I deem it a privilege to extend my heartiest congratulations 
to the first graduating class of the Central High School for 

You, the graduates, should take pride in the knowledge 
that you are the pioneers in the development of your School, 
which is unique in offering an excellent program of studies both 
in the Jewish and secular fields. 

I have watched with great satisfaction the growth of your 
School, the excellent spirit of the student-body, and the selfless 
devotion of the faculty to the advancement of the School, and 
to the creation of an inspiring atmosphere within the School. 

Wishing you well-being, and well doing, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 

Samuel Belkin, President 


A Message to the 
Graduating Class of 1951 



Principal. Central Yeshiva High School 

Dear Graduates: 

On this joyous occasion in your young lives, when 
you have reached an important milestone in your prep- 
aration for the fullness of the days to come, I am happy 
to greet you and to wish you well. 1 ou have completed 
successfully the course of studies prescribed in the 
Hebrew and English departments of our High School — 
some with distinction — all with credit to yourselves, your 
parents, and to our great institution. 

During the most formative years of your lives, you have actively participated 
in the harmonious blending and fusion of Jewish lore and secular learning. 
You have received instruction not only in the subjects contained in the curricu- 
lum of the public high schools, such as English, foreign languages, sciences, 
mathematics, social studies and the like, but also, by precept and example, you 
have learned the message and meaning of our priceless heritage — the concepts, 
teachings, traditions and ideals of universal Israel. 

Whether you choose as your life work some phase of human knowledge 
and dedicate yourselves to study and teaching, or give your energies to the fields 
of daily human needs, or devote yourselves to the realm of the spirit, remember 
the philosophy and the way of life that you have been taught here. Though the 
problems that you, as Jews, must face in this confused world are not always clear, 
you must, each and all of you. cling to those elements of our cultural past that 
have made us great as a people. It is upon these cultural backgrounds which 
are strongly rooted in our study of the Torah, and not upon false values and 
strange ideologies, that you must build your personalities and your future lives. 

You, graduates of the Central Yeshiva High School for Girls (Talmudical 
Academy), are pioneers. \ou have had an education different from that of the 
rest of the Jewish youth in this country. You have had an opportunity to learn 
the value and significance of intensive Jewish study, and to gain a deeper insight 
into and a truer understanding of the Jewish consciousness and soul. With this 
great common bond, you are strengthened to withstand the material influences 
of the time and are less prone to fall prey to the disintegrating forces which are 
threatening to sweep away everything that is dear and precious in life. 

Strengthen that bond: united, assert yourselves and your influence in the 
lives of our youth, so that by your example you may prove that these years in 
Central 1 eshiva High School have not been in vain, and that the instruction 
and the inspiration you received here shall be a blessing to you and to those 
who are to be influenced by you. Continue to be one with the Yeshiva, to accept 
and to feel its influence. Unite under the banner of the ideals for which your 
school stands so that its spirit may widen and deepen a current of faith and 
culture in American Jewry. 

Shelley R. Saphire, Principal 

— Three 

n? PriX" 7H n«o 

nay ^mo 

-na^ T-tytf '"jiw mia^ nana maa ibd rva„a jn^n ■•xm c^tr 'L^•'7*L^ , 

.ntn ici^n ns a-,?*; 1 ? nnmy piN wayi ncpn^jiK 

p? pitman lu's ,nc3n2'i nmna myT msfe ididh n« many *ns 
pnx naao nt^D-ia^iN-na^" 1 jw ri^Di^m rvrnn nmisn .nrn pin -p'oa 

.na m; pmiaya 

mity- K^n p^na ^as ,-p" 1 ^ nans n:r« ">xm c^ff b^p ^ naipn 
.mn.ann rmy 1 ? ;np:^T p^Ki tyrc nn^n 'to nay ntn pin i^oa 13 ,-inra 
.o^nn ty naptrn p1> "iis^ pi^nnn "Iwib" mnii nana ma; nao n*o„3 

-nnn^o 1 ? pn« prrtfi pan 1 ? "na ansa mntr nn ta wy ^mom omen 
D^Da ty nmDynt? p^> -nTj? 1 ? nai ,nts>Ni b"n ^a ^s"? mmyty rpjrmn cvpn 
nrnto p^atya answi n"?y; -irrp mpen p« ^T>dj ^w p^sl? wa^a pm 
own i^D3 p 1 ? intrant? niyTn .i:dj?^i tinning ,'n 1 ? n:oKJ Iwib" na -pan 
rn-^a en n^x — piaKtw nainn mm '"JNit^ n-ua^ nana ma: naan n^a 

.p^na m T»pan sto 1 ? n^ainty na p*7 inDDB' D^jmn 

! p 1 ? aim pntrx - - Tan pa"?a nmnn n\nn imn^t? nmnn ns 
7Tft pnr* -i"n 

— Four 

A Message to the Graduates 




To the Graduates: 

Congratulations and best wishes upon the successful completion of your 
secondary school education. 

While in these days graduation from high school does not mean the termina- 
tion of formal education, it does mark a radical change in both the type of 
school which you will attend and the type of instruction which you will receive. 

During your stay with us, we have tried to impress upon you some of the 
beauty and richness of our religious and cultural heritage and to create in you 
the desire for the continuation and perpetuation of our faith. 

Since you are the first class to leave this school, we will be judged by your 
actions in your school, your social and religious life. Those outside our school 
will look upon you as the example of what we can achieve, and those remaining 
in the school will take you as the example of what we can achieve, and as the 
model upon which to pattern their own lives. 

I feel sure that we will always be able to feel proud of you and your 
achievements, and that you will always act and live in the true spirit of our 
traditional Judaism. 

Sincerely yours, 

Charles Friedman, Administrator 

— Five — 



Dr. Shelley R. Saphire, M.A., Ph.D Principal 

Dr. Isaac Lewin, Ph.D Hebrew Principal 

Charles Friedman Administrator 

B.A., LL.B., Rabbi 


Bernard Annenberg Biology 

B.S., M.A. 
Robert Bassell , English and Social Studies 

B.A., M.A. 
Donald J. Berber Mathematics 

Iris Cohen Art 

Gertrude Feuer French 

Teachers Diploma 
Henry Fohr...... French, Spanish 

Abraham Glicksberg Hebrew Stenography 

B.A., M.A. 
Emery Grossman Music 

Music Certificate 
Mayer Herskovics Hebrew 

Rabbi, B.A. 

Isidore Hoffman Hebrew 

David M. Horn English 

B.S.S., M.A. 
Jean Jofen French 

B.A, M.A. 

Jechiel Lichtenstein Hebrew 

Martin Lilker „ History 

B.A.. M.A. 

Sonia Milkman Health Education 

B.A., M.A. 
Paul Ravetch English 

B.S., M.A. 
Jerry A. Schur Biology 

B.S., M.S. 

Esther Schwartz Mathematics 


Morris Shlosh Hebrew 

S evmour Silbermintz Music 

B.A., M.S. 

Esther Taub Stenography 

Israel Wallach Mathematics 

B.S., M.S. 

— Seven — 

Toast to a Milestone 

However they will strive, and toil, and work, and sweat, 
And say: "Ne'er hinder, ne'er regret, 

Ne'er say the time will come when milestones will he 
Left deserted, barren as a childless woman, 
Unfulfilled as unpromoted." 

However they will strike and plunder, 
Reach their feat witli due asunder 

To say with triumph, hleary-eyed with drunken glory: 
"It's mine, this pedestal, this feat, this shrine." 

However they will kindle embers till flaming torches, 
Unwary to obstacles, immune to beckoning scorches, 

Irksome of the past, lamenting greedily the future, the unachieved, 
The milestone, the fountainhead of satisfactions as yet unconceived. 

However they discard what's gone and passed. 
And say: "It's worthless to dwell on failures and mistakes long lapsed; 

Now face a new scope, a dream, 
A certain unaccomplished hope, a milestone." 

Yet, however hard they try to thus assimilate present 
And forth, and hence account for what's to come 

Which is as yet fully unknown, 
No matter how gallant their strivings may he, 

Their yearnings, their prophecies so scrupulously wrought 
Become evanescent, superficial, something but sought 

To uphold a faith, a tradition, a hope — 
Something with which their minds may cope 

But never anything more — 
For what is a milestone if not what has come to pass up 'til now, 

If not what we shared, compared, through all that we chanced to plow? 
If not the happiness arrived at through sorrow, 

If not the unfortunate today that gave us hope for tomorrow, 
If not the riches of life and duration, — 

Of small delights appearing in ovation — 
If not all these and more — 

What then is a milestone for? 


— Eight ■ 

^£V S 





**>* flebr** 



Faculty Adviser 



Hebrew Literary Adviser 

***** ^ 


■ Nine 



Eleven — 


Hebrew Editor of Spark 8, Art Club 4. 

Frieda has learned that time is money (Money 
is often wasted; why not time?). Modest and re- 
tiring (occasionally falling- asleep), Frieda is our 
talented "Class Poet." Shulamit is the Shomer's 
answer to publicity. She finally succeeded in 
talking herself into going to Israel. 

"Tread softly for you tread on my dreams." — Yeats 


Class President 4. Class Vice President 2, 3, Cen- 
tralettc Staff 1, 2, Debating Club 3. 

Khoda "sleep-a-while" Fogel is sole supporter 
of the Dentists Association of America. Her 
friendly and pleasing disposition appeal to all 
who know her. An able math student, she plans 
to obtain her B.S. at Brooklyn College. 


"If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred." 
— Whitman 


Arista 7, 8, G.O. Secretary 2, 3, Class Secretary 4, 
Class President 5, Head of Service Squad 4, 5, Arts 
and Crafts Club 5. 

Canadian born "Jasper," our ardent Hebrew 
student, plans to pursue a Hebrew teaching 
career. Experienced in the culinary arts as well, 
she's sure to achieve a double goal to both of her 

"Who can find a virtuous woman? For her price 
is far above rubies." — Old Testament 



Arista 5, 6, 7, 8, G.O. President 2, 3, 4, 5, Associate 
Hebrew Editor of Torch 3, 4, 5, Associate Editor 
of Yearbook 7, 8, Journalism Club 5. 

"Klap, " our ex-Pres (s), is perpetually rushing. 
(She rushed through school.) Her oratorical 
abilities supplemented her success as first Presi- 
dent of our G.O. Her admirable qualities have 
gained for her many friends. She plans to at- 
tend Brooklyn College. (How original, eh what?). 

"Uneasy lies the head that icears the crown. "- 


Arista 5, 6, 7, 8, Editor-in-Chief of Yearbook 7, 8, 
Editor-in-Chief of Torch 5, Associate Editor of 
Torch 3, 4, Centralette Staff 1, 2, Class Secretary 
2, 5, Basketball Team 4, 5, First Aid Club 5. 

Class martyr Merra knows all, does all, likes all 
and takes all the credit. (Fifty points, to be 
exact.) Her feature talent, psychoanalyzing, is 
second only to her outstanding journalistic 
and scholarly abilities. Editor of the Torch and 
current Elchanette, she hopes to embark upon a 
successful collegiate career. 

"Reading maketh a full man, conference a ready 
man, and writing an exact man." — Bacon 


Service Squad 6, President Music Club -7, 8. 

School has been an amusing hobby to Miriam — 
something to do in her spare time. She hails 
from the land Tolstoi (we cannot commit our- 
selves) and donates able conversation on the 
topic. Her current interest is music ; her ambi- 
tion — to become an accomplished pianist. 

"Better late than never." (But never so late!) — 

— Thirteen — 


Centralette Staff 1, 2, Assistant Service Manager 
7, 8, Cheerimg Squad 5, 6, 7, 8, Secretary Music 

Hailing from South Brooklyn, notoriously known 
as Boro Park, Rocky is a staunch Dodger fan. A 
recent crossword puzzle addict, she has enlivened 
many a dull period with her keen and "puzzl- 
ing" wit. A brilliant math student, Barbara 
will resort to a teaching career. 

"I'm, not arguing with you,, I'm telling you!" — 


Centralette Staff 1, 2, Athletics Manager 4, 5, Sec- 
retary Dramatics Club 4. 

Selma founded and then lost our school basket- 
ball team. Singing her way through high school, 
our local Dinah Shore has also become an accom- 
plished face contortionist. Experienced in the 
arts of music, witticisms and dieting, she plans 
to major in music theory at Brooklyn College 
and eventually go to Israel. 

"A little nonsense now and then is relished by the 
best of men." 


Class Secretary 1, Torch Photographer 5, Editor 
of Spark 5, Class Business Manager 6, Assistant 
Business Manager 7, 8, Debating Team 7, 8, Basket- 
ball Team 5, 6, 7, 8, Service Squad 3, President 
Debating Club 5. 

The only girl that Mr. Hoffman can't look down 
upon makes good use of her athletic capabilities 
as our basketball star. A talented debater, she 
sticks to her beliefs exhorting others to do like- 
wise. She will pivot her way through N. Y. U. 

"What fools these mortals be!" — Shakespeare 


— Fourteen 


Arista leader 5, 6, 7, 8, Art Editor of Centralette 1, 
Class Athletic Manager 7, 8, First Aid Club 5. 

Paris' gift to Central, Miriam has been a con- 
stant delight and pride to her teachers. "Easy 
on the eyes" Schemer has toiled, (somewhat 
fruitlessly) to remedy our social plight. She is 
not only a walking encyclopedia, but a local 
Who's Who as well. Her immediate goal is Brook- 
lyn College, where she will pursue her MRS. 

"Knowledge is Power." — Hobbes 

p ' 


Arista Secretary 5, 6, 7, 8, Class President 4. Class 
Secretary 5. Debating Club 5. 

Modest, good natured, and dependable, Vivien 
has become a great favorite. Class Masmid, (as 
evidenced by the rings beneath her eyes), she 
has become the apple of Rabbi Herskovie's eye. 
Planning to attend Brooklyn College, her dili- 
gence will inevitably map out her future. 

"Drop by drop the bucket is filled." — Eabbah 


Arista 1, 8, Class President 7, 8, Class Business 
Manager 4, 5, Centralette Staff 1, 2, Service Squad 
4, Basketball Team 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, {Co-Captain 4, 5, 
6) First Aid Club 5. 

A member of the inimitable Sorcher clan, Leah 
is the essence of good nature. Possessing a com- 
plete unabridged catalogue of everyone's notes, 
she generously permits reference work to be done 
from it. Leah will use Brooklyn College as a 
stepping stone to a home making career. 

" 'Tis only noble to be good." — Tennyson 


n Tjff fi - 



'^jfc **** 3*- 




Service Squad 4, Secretary Economics Club 5. 

Cliaikie carae to Central on the return voyage of 
the slow boat to China. If not for increasing 
population she would be hopelessly bored . . . 
no more people to know. Carefree and easy going, 
she gets along awfully well with a certain his- 
tory teacher (with emphasis on the awful). 

'"Tis strange hut true."— Blake 


Arista 7, 8, Associate Editor of Yearbook 7, 8, Asso- 
ciate Editor of Torch 5. Editor of Centralette 1, 2. 
Service Squad 5. Cheering Squad 5, Secretary 
Dramatics Club 5. 

An outstanding student, Myrna recommends this 
formula for best results: STAPUT (Sweet-Talk 
All Poor Unsuspecting Teachers). Proficient in 
the art of elocution, Myrna "s abilities lie along 
the dramatic lines. Her talents will be directed 
towards Brooklyn College this fall. 

"The tongue is a sabre that never grows rusty." 


Arista 7, 8, G.O. Vice President 2, 3, Class Secre- 
tary 7, 8, Centralette Staff 1, 2, Editor of Spark 5, 
Journalism Club 3, 5. 

Faigie, a favorite among all newspaper editors, 
is Secretary of our Senior Class. She is well on 
her way to fame, having devised a completely 
unique system of spelling. Much of Mr. Shlosh's 
dismay, she enlivens many a dull period with her 
keen wit. Faigie will attend Brooklyn College 
where she will pursue her B.A. 

"The pen is mightier than the sword." — Franklin 

Sixteen — 


Typist for Yearbook 7, 8, Typist for Torch 5, Eco- 
nomics Club 3, 5. 

Usually found occupying oue of the cheaper seats 
(in the back), Shirley abides by the motto "think 
before you speak." (She thinks so long, she never 
speaks.) Shirley is a leading student, excelling 
in math. An active member of the D.U.D.B.A. 
(Dig Up Dying Brownsville Association), Shir- 
ley will glorify Brooklyn College with her keen 
scholarly abilities. 

"Silence is the element in which great things fash- 
ion themselves. ' ' — Carlyle 

No tears for us now, but come girls, admit 
That years from now a soft spot 11 be hit. 
And our misty eyes will give us away 
When our children will act as we act today. 


Class Poll 

Best Character YOSPA GOLDBERG 

Nicest Figure RHODA FOGEL 

Did Most for School MERRA NEUSTADTER 



Most Likely to Succeed MYRNA WEISHAUT 


Class Journalist FANNY WEISSMAN 

Class Mathematician SHIRLEY ZALL 



Class Hebraist FRIEDA BERMAN 

Class Poetess VIVIEN SOFER 





Favorite Teachers < 


Favorite Subject ENGLISH 


1 948 

Our Class History actually began before our 
school did — Remember the little gathering in 
Shulamith's borne? . . . Enter 2 definite, 14 
undecided — talk, talk, food . . . enrolled 16 new 


Where? Young Israel of Eastern Parkway — 
Down to basement, back door entrance, first 
closet on the left. Can't miss it. Something fishy 
goes on every Thursday. Chaja's fish gets per- 
sonal delivery. 


Naming of school — Gaula? Rejected. . . . Moriah? 
Tried for a week. Central ^eshiva High School 
for Girls? Now there's a snappy little name. 
How's Amy Gay? 


We know our teachers three months now. Rabbi 
Rabinowitz peeked through the hole in his news- 
paper as we passed each other's midterms . . . 
We got what Mr. Horn was driving at as he 
munched happily on Debby's sandwich. 


School sweaters arrive promptly with heat wave. 
Final exams proctored by Marty, with sunglasses. 
Siege of measles envelopes school. School ad- 
journed four periods earlier. 


New term . . . new student, Shirley Zall. So shy 
and retiring, she'll get over it . . . Probably 
first day shyness. Increased enrollment. Need for 
bigger building arises when Frieda insists on a 
seat of her own . . . claims \ospa's getting too 
heavy. Move to Kingston and Park Place. Klaper- 
man becomes first G.O. President. 


With \om Kippur around the corner, we find 
Rabbi Faivelson trying to sell us the latest edition 
of "How to Fast Without Getting Hungry." 
Sorscher begins collection of notes . . . 




Confusion, Excitement, New hairdos, Lipstick, 
Happy smiling faces! . . . No, the school didn't 
burn, it's our Welcome Freshmen Dance. 


For a Chanukah present, the girls chip in to buy 
Mr. Hoffman a one way ticket on a Slow Boat 
to China. Chaja vehemently objects and suggests 
a seat on the Mule Train. First step in the wrong 
direction — Chanukah affair held in T. A. 

1 949 


With the mimeographing of finals there is a 
sudden influx of volunteers as office help. Off 
for our winter vacation . . . one day. 



Car speeds up to Central . . . occupant leaves 
car sixteen inches from curb, rushes into build- 
ing, teaches Math or something, name's Fried- 
man . . . Where's Charlie? No, not him . . . Ray 
Bolger. Queen Yospa stars, graces Purim Festival. 


Social event of the year ( L'ag B'omer outing) 
starts -with a bang ... of Rabbi Faivelson's glas- 
ses, that is. Next day, barrage of T.A. buttons 
sweeps school . . . "Going steady?" 


Klaperman again. Spring fever hits girls and 
changes to frenzied fever as final month is an- 
nounced . . . School's over. 


First day back — quiz on summer homework. A 
new teacher is added, "Mar Hoffman Hecha- 
dash" . . . better known to his disciples as 
"Hatachnis." Dr. Saphire becomes Principal as 
Y.U. takes over. 


Mr. Bassell, alias the woman's reason for not 
getting married, becomes our new English in- 
structor of . . . ? Faigy and Miriam start party 


Geometry test tomorrow. Evening school opens 
for one night at 1329 — 48th St. Rhoda accom- 
modatingly trudges in with blackboard on shoul- 
ders. Mr. Rock promptly begins lessons. 


Movie night — did Mr. Deeds get to town? 
"Due to the lateness of the hour," we never did 
find out. 

1 950 

Myrna's New Tcears Eve party. Leah comes late 
because she forgot her Bio review book. Makes 
up for lost time. During Regents Mrs. Schwartz 
becomes one man escort bureau. Are the windows 
in the doors at Y.U. for the teachers' benefit or 
the students'? 


Basketball game — Central vs. Ramaz. Game ex- 
citing, big crowd, enthusiasm, great team work, 
wonderful cheering, we lost. Boom! Crash! Bang! 
Zing! Clang! Boing! Entrance in Central of 
Beedle Oops Teitelbaum. 


Purim — free hamantash. Found it on the bill. 
Explosion in Cheni class. Big fire. Due to heroic 
efforts of scientist Friedman, no lives were lost. 
Sorscher bangs head on fire extinguisher and 
extinguishes brains. Avoid final rush and fail 
now ! 


Social life picking up; Lag B'omer here again. 
Rrrip . . . Barbara wears sweater around lower 
part of anatomy for remainder of afternoon. 
Baseball game . . . teachers vs. students, T.A. 
that is. Mr. Friedman literally lies down on the 
job as Casey strikes out. Arista formed . . . Sen- 
iors strike. 


Problem : If we take Geometry Regents we'll miss 
our Mishna final. Boo Hoo. Get our Regents 
marks ( BooHoo I - . . . Term ends . . . \^ hat, no 
summer school? 


Girls return with air of superiority — Senior year, 
you know. We notice that Rozzie came Beck. 
Charles Friedman becomes Administrator of 
C.Y.H.S. or as overheard, File Clerk Cbarlie . . . 
How's Amy Gay? 


A new deviation of the homo sapiens enters our 
portals . . . Miss Taub, Attorney-at-law. Our 
favorite Rabbi Herskovics enters school — girls" 
faces look familiar, can't recall their names, calls 
them all Shulamith. Mrs. Schwartz has babv 
boy . . . Mazel Tov! 


Class guest arrives — name's Platovsky. First glim- 
mer of hope-rings decided upon. Nope, not en- 
gagement, just graduation. Faculty sets girls' 
minds at ease — only sixteen midterms this week 
(not counting the three in Safrus ) . Silbermintz 
announces engagement. One down — three to go. 

Tiventy — 


Chanukah Festival great social success. Even 
Crown Heights seniors attend. Hello there, 

Faivey ! 

195 1 


Central Purple Heart to Sehna for quick recovery 
from appendicitis attack that astounds medical 
history. Result — entire class passes Sten. final. 
Class poll taken. . . . \\ hat a hunch of liars we 
girls are! 


First session of Economics hegins. First topic dis- 
cussed, Bikini bathing suits. Second topic — 
Girls, this is not a boy-girl relationship. Third 
topic — Censored. Mr. Horn informs us we're only 
S900 short on our yearbook. After learning about 
hell in Ravetch's class, the girls go understand- 
ingly to Mr. Hoffman's class. Vivien goes on 
homework strike. Senior pins arrive. 


Rozzie gets hooked; new bait needed for office. 
Mystery of the month — who took Shlosh's book? 
Girls refuse to answer on grounds that it may 
incriminate them. Eco books arrive . . . now we 
can make necessary corrections in our notes. 
After four years of investigation, Mr. Friedman 
discovers building is not bomb proof. Logically, 
therefore, we have our first fire drill. Entire 
Senior ward almost escapes. Merciless Marty 
herds us up and down stairs . . . J of en teaches us 
Ethics and learns a bit. Girls forget to bow to 
teachers — no Hebrew diplomas. College applica- 
tions. Ponce De Lewin explores Israel. Carnival 
. . . Girls have taken revenge on the teachers. 


Merra helps. plan her surprise shy-seventeen party 
. . . Who is Selma Rosenman? 6,000,000 B'klyn 
College Students find out . . . Pesach vacation 
starts, only eleven book reports per student . . . 
The diploma is printed . . . Tired of class? Cen- 
tralettes escape via underground R.R. I back 
stairs ) . . . Crossword puzzle siege started by 
Senior Class . . . Pictures taken for 1 earbook . . . 
"But I don't like my picture. Can't it be changed? 
Can't my nose be shortened? Gosh! can't he 
change my hairdo? Really I don't look like that 
at all! What a terrible photographer!!!" 


Murder in room 6; Jofen disects chicken . . . 
L"ag B'omer, assemble at 9:00 a.m. and depart 
promptly at 12:30, stay at park two hours. Girls 
complain they didn't get sunburned. Lucky they 
didn't drown . . . Pre-exemption finals. Dr. Lewin 
dissatisfied with marks tho' girls couldn't have 
done any better had they seen the test before- 
hand . . . Prom decided upon . . . Senior day 
postponed for 3 years. ^ ell, no matter how much 
they like us, we're not staying that long! . . . 
Congratulations to Mr. Ravetch on the birth of 
his son Jeffrey. 


Oh joy, a luncheon in our honor . . . suspicious 
girls bring an official taster. Even Shulamith 
praises school. Marty goes into competition with 
senior class and takes off ten lbs. Girls hide Jew- 
ish Ethics notes from parents, lest they be taken 
out of school . . . 772,843 minutes left "till grad- 
uation, so Dr. Lewin tells us after careful cal- 
culation. ^ by so anxious, don't you like us? 
Senior day finally — a success, with the help of the 
students and faculty. Extra thanks to Mr. Ravetch 
for his excellent sportsmanship. Almost makes 
up for our 3*4 years here. Graduation night . . . 
heat wave of century arrives as graduates march 
down aisle in long woolen gowns . . . '"Girls, we 
assure you that's a diploma not a 'sha'alon'." 
Stop shaking . . . We finally made it ! ! ! 


Future Predictions 

The Central Yeshiva University for W omen is celebrating its Five 
Hundredth Anniversary today. The University had its origin as a high 
school for girls in the primary ages of the Atomic Period. The exact 
information as to its location, or its leaders, is unknown today since 
all records ivere lost in a minor atomic explosion. It is generally be- 
lieved, however, that the school had its origin in what was known as 
Southern Brooklyn and today is identified as the "Lost City of the 

A commission consisting of the star pupils of the Central Archaeo- 
logical and Geological School of Learning teas sent out to investigate 
the ruins of the devastated area. Among the various objects that were 
unearthed were some ancient manuscripts and newspaper clippings. 
Strangely enough, the writing was still legible, although the pages were 
yellow' and crumbling with age. They have been identified as records 
following the careers of the first graduating class. They are now being 
exhibited in the Museum of Unnatural History, to be viewed at your 

rv* - *-*" * v * -r^ 

Miss Paramecium of 1960 Chosen 

The Scientific Bureau of Investigation has chosen 
Miss Amoeba Rhoda as "The Specimen" of the year. 
In order to win this great honor, the contestant must 
be both physically and mentally fit. Naturally, the 
confident Miss Rhoda was chosen. The judges, a 
committee from the Scientific Bureau, based their 
choice upon her newly published revision of "The 
Origin of the Species." In this case, physical qualities 
were not considered. 

Head Missing 

A general complaint has been filed by the Bureau 
of Missing Persons against their Head, Disappearing 
Platovsky, the complaint being that she is always 
missing. Grave consideration has been given to this 
matter and it is generally wondered why she is hiding. 
However, a good deal of her time is taken up trying 
to convince Albany of the necessity for a revised 
system which would require students to attend school 
three days in each month. 

Tuenty-Two — 

New Editor For Daily Mirror 

Mrs. Merra Lee. the new editor of the New York 
Daily Mirror, claims she will change the yellow print 
of the newspaper to a nice literary black. Becoming 
a reporter on this paper is quite a difficult process 
as it entails a thorough psychoanalysis by the editor 
herself. The co-editors of the newspaper sponsored 
a. welcoming party for her, to which she came un- 
escorted. When asked as to the whereabouts of her 
escort, she explained that she came alone in ac- 
cordance with a tradition that she and a one-time 
boy friend of hers had originated. This was her 
"off week." 

Red Russia Blanches 

This is indeed a great day in the history of the 
world. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics which 
once tried to conquer the world with Communism, 
today officially declared the establishment of a demo- 
cratic constitution. The world may thank a shrewd 
diplomat for this change. Shulamith Rybak, who 
firmly preached her theories of capitalism, human 
nature and the superiority of certain people above 
others, deserves the credit for this. Miss Rybak was 
once called an idealist for supposing that Russia and 
the United States could be brought to agree on the 
topic of Capitalism, but she has shown her practi- 
cality by supporting the building of a Russo-Ameri- 
ean airfield in the sky. This situtation is obviously 
a distinct "deviation from the normal rule." 

Dramatic Rivals 

It seems that certain teachers of English Litera- 
ture have suddenly become valiant supporters of the 
theatre. Three prominent young English professors, 
Mr. Paul Ravetch, Mr. Robert Bassell and Mr. David 
Horn have gone into keen competition with each 
other by opening rival dramatic schools. Each in 
his own way is trying to entice the most students to 
study under his wing. The big three have been popu- 
larly nicknamed : The Grin, The Look and the S.S. 
(Sandwich Sniper). 

Caught in the current whirl of the theatre are 
many future stars. A well known elocutionist seems 
to have quite a talent for the stage and is at present 
in doubt as to which school she will attend. Mickey 
"VVeishaut, a woman always intent upon making a 
good impression, has impressed many with her purr- 
ing voice. On the basis of her talent alone she has 
been given a large singing lead in one of the cur- 
rently popular operettas. The critics predict a bright 
future for this versatile girl. 

Chinese Matchmaking Introduced 

Madame Ching Ling Walki. the Chinese Ambassa- 
dor to the United States, was President Truman's 
guest for two weeks. During the course of her visit, 
Madame Walki pitied the loneliness of the President 's 
daughter and immediately offered the services of her 
"Shatchen" bureau. In her native tongue the word 
"Shatchen" means to bury. It is unknown exactly 
why this term was adopted for marital matchmakings, 
but that is irrelevant. Madame Walki prolonged 
her visit to firmly establish this business in our 

Broadway Welcomes Sehna Ro Shore 

Miss Selma Ro Shore hits New York with a bang, 
before the premiere of her new movie, "To Pass or 
to Fail." The author, producer and director of this 
movie is the once famous Shakespearean actor, Robert 
Olivier Bassell. Together with Miss Ro Shore, Reb 
Robert boyishly shared all the honors bestowed upon 
them. After the premiere, the star consented to give 
an encore — an imitation of herself — which included a 
captivating performance of the famous aria, "Pat- 
a-Cake Man." This last number created a baffling- 
puzzle. Why was the audience asked to turn around 
and face the rear while Miss Ro Shore performed? 



Dr. Einstein and Mr. Hyde 

Professor of Math goes mad ! Personal doctors of 
Professor Zallhopper have investigated the cause of 
her madness. They found it to be ' ' Dual Personality 
Mania." Because Professor Zallhopper. as a child, 
was always "quiet on the outside, rowdy on the in- 
side, ' ' her mixed emotions have overcome her. This 
illustrates the well known fact that there is only a 
hair's breadth between insanity and genius. Scien- 
tists are investigating her as the case of the only 
woman who doesn't talk. 

Female Hired By Lubaviteher 

Lubavitcher Yeshiva today astounded the outside 
world by engaging a woman employee in their school. 
Yospa Goldberg was assigned to dormitory duty — 
that is, to make sure that the students are not dis- 
tracted by any outside forces. However, Mama Gold- 
berg's maternal instinct is a very misleading charac- 
teristic. Her teaching abilities, too, are widely sought 
after, but Miss Goldberg prefers the Talmudie at- 
mosphere. Nevertheless, the reasons for her enthusi- 
asm for this particular position are debatable. 

Phenomenal Birth 

Mrs. Leah Scorchmore today proudly announced 
the most unusual birth of this age. The quinzuplets 
born to Mrs. Scorchmore establish her belief in in- 
creasing the Jewish population. Mrs. Scorchmore 
is not at all the nervous or excitable person that would 
be expected. On the contrary, she is extremely charm- 
ing and gracious and gives much of her time to 
charitable and social institutions. It is rumored, 
however, that a few of the Scorchmore clan are con- 
templating a migration to a new housing project 
where THEY can live in peace. The project has 
been fostered by their neighbors. 


St. Carrots Day Inaugurated . . . 
Lilker Makes History 

On February 30, amidst beating drums and stream- 
ing confetti, St. Carrots Day was officially inaugu- 
rated. This fete was promoted by the presence of 
the renowned Talmudie Indian Tribe. This tribe, 
together with the Central Squaws, tendered a very 
large bonfire. Mr. Lilker graciously contributed two 
truckloads of admits for kindling material. For pure- 
ly "sentimental" reasons these two tribes have in- 
augurated St. Carrots Day in honor of their one-time 
History teacher. In his modest speech, "Marty, the 
Man" introduced the slogan, "Wine, Carrots and 
Song." When asked to explain the slight substitu- 
tion, he replied, "I just don't understand women." 

A Slow Walk To Eretz 

Frieda "The Big Sleep" Berman slowly crawls 
through life, walking, talking and dreaming of Eretz. 
She's the typical "Chalutza" but what will happen 
to "steady" if she leaves? Looks like Berman is 
taking a long time to get there, but if she stops long 
enough in each spot we'll be able to trace her path 
clear across to the Holy Land by means of fossils. 

She's an artist born 
She's a poetess bred, 
But she'll be a chalutza 
Before she's dead! 
Even if it takes that long ! 

— Twenty-Four 

Formula For Love 

One of the most romantic of these affairs was that 
of an old American classmate of hers and a teacher 
in her school. Since Mith Babith Thtone (otherwise 
known as Pebbles) was very much interested in Math 
and the Teacher, Doctor, Lawyer, Rabbi, Mr. Charles 
Friedman was a sort of mathematician, he often gave 
her a few private lessons. Little did they both realize 
how much their mutual interest in the science of 
arithmetic was affecting them. After Mith Thtone 
received her Ph.D. in the Theory of Quadratic For- 
mulas for Three Sided Figures, the pair announced 
their engagement. Being one of Charlie's faithful 
disciples, Babith proceeded to spread the gospel of 
her teacher. As a result of this we now have the 
world renowned religion, ' ' Friedmanism. 


Who Is Sylvia? 

Lady Klaperwoman has done the incredible again. 
Because of her early training and her leadership 
ability, she has been unanimously elected to that 
exalted position of the First Woman President of the 
United States. The T.H.R.E.E plan will be a pet 
policy of hers. This is a plan for instituting a three 
year high school program for the Youth of America. 
(Any resemblance to her own high school career is 
purely coincidental.) In an interview with the press, 
she said that she owes her success in life to the early 
training she received in her high school years. It 
was there that she learned (out of sheer necessity) 
to fight for her life. 

Shelley's Theory of Romanticism 

Shelley's theories of romance and love have been 
revealed in the currently published best seller by 
Professor Vivien Sofer entitled, "Have Fun." After 
years of constant research on Shelley's philosophy, 
Miss Sofer has become an expert in that field, sur- 
passing all contemporary scholars, with the sole ex- 
ception of a former teacher who first introduced her 
to this interesting topic. However, Miss Sofer 's 
disciples claim this is unfair to her as he is really 
not contemporary. This book has been bitterly eon- 
tested by Mrs. Jofen for reasons unknown to all ex- 
cept Miss Sofer 's one-time classmates. 

Ah! There's Bad News Today 

Depressing world conditions seem to have greatly 
affected radio's favorite news commentator, Fanny 
Heater. Lately she has pictured the world with a 
very cloudy horizon. We wonder if the sun will ever 
shine again. Millions of her radio listeners are 
eagerly looking forward to hearing Fanny Heater's 
charming wit again. Bets are being taken as to 
whether there's realty a big smile behind her latest 







We, the June '51 Senior class 

Who are graduating from Central at last 

Do, of our will, herehy dispose 

And in it our signatures do enclose. 

To Dr. Saphire, who hestowed upon us his hlessings 
When we sat at Y.U. for two days — guessing, 
And gave us extra classes with a brand new staff, 
We bequeath our scholarships — all sixteen and a half. 

When asked a question, be it Ivrith or Francais, 
Dr. Lewin's reply is "B'shinn ohfen lo arsheh." 
We leave him a pencil that hard knocks won't wear out 
Of this he'll make use, we haven't a doubt. 

When asked, "What can we leave you in our will? 

Is there something you want us to fulfill?'' 

Kind hearted Mr. Friedman thought a moment, then said 

with cheerful groan, 
"Yes, if it's possible, you can just leave me alone." 

To Mr. Annenherg, keen observer of shapes, 

Who, under the microscope, always gapes and gapes, 

We leave a lab with sufficient supplies 

And a well-formed amoeba with gorgeous blue eyes. 

To Mr. Bassell, great lover of air, 
We leave a room with facilities rare, 
A built-in stage with an enticing star 
And open windows, Well, la-dee-da! 

To our admit-rationing, hard working Sec, 
Who's Mr. Friedman's sidekick — Rozzie Beck, 
We leave a short cut route, straight to T.A. 
So she can restore that madhouse without delay. 

Mr. Fohr our curriculum did enhance 
With his facts and figures about France. 
And now to him, from whom it was lent, 
We return our phony French accent. 

To Mr. Grossman we leave a phonograph, with shock proof wires, 

To reduce the vast number of electrified die'ers, 

Who died for a cause so noble and great 

As 'twas Beethoven's Fifth that determined their fate. 

Rabbi Herskovics is a wise man of good wit. 

We searched long for a treasure that him would fit. 

Finally, we hit upon the rarest, most genuine treasure ever sold, 

And so, to match his heart, we leave a piece of gold. 

— Twenty-Six — ■ 


Mr. Hoffman is a man of many merits, 
Especially when he calls his pupils "sheretz." 
Therefore, we leave him this interesting sequel, 
The thought that all students are created equal. 

To our uptown-downtown Mr. Horn 

Who hecame a father when Amy Gay was horn, 

We leave a car without ever a flat. 

(We hope you get what we're driving at.) 

To Mrs. Jofen who has taught us many a fact 
About the birds and the bees and bow to react 
We leave a sound-proof room with a lock for the door 
To prevent male entrance — forevermore! 

What we leave Dr. Lichtenstein for his new abode 

Is really a secret — but "Agid Lachem sod." 

We leave Central bus service — door to door — 

So he won't have to hike around the block anymore. 

To Mr. Lilker, who for four years with us has been, 
We leave a class that can take marks on the chin, 
And something else that he most highly rates, 
A diploma together with the graduates. 

To Mr. Ravetch we leave a great big smile 
And students to hoo-doo all the while, 
A good play to produce with actors of choice 
And a boom alay, boom alay, boom for his voice. 

Mr. Shlosh with his patient, droning voice 
Doesn't leave us a very wide choice. 
Therefore, all of us in the Shlosh ward 
Leave unto him a broken vocal chord. 

Miss Taub came here to teach us Sten. 

And learned all about appendicitis from Rosenman. 

Since she taught us law upon occasions, 

We leave her a handbook of deviations. 

To Mr. Wallach, who's full of good cheer, 
We leave something that to him is quite dear, 
A barrel of gum, along with other supplies 
And infinite questions "foolish or otherwise." 

As we graduate from Central, a will we make, 

Leaving the school all we cannot take 

That is why, as we advance into college, 

We leave walls, desks, teachers and knowledge. 

Twenty -Seven — 

The Building Speaks 

While the seniors are saying their goodhyes, 

I'd like to get a few words in edgewise. 

I feel entitled to have my say 

Since I was with them every day. 

I'm the building, wherein is the school, 

Sometimes the girls have been very cruel. 

I'm sure they did it meaning no malice, 

But considering I used to look like a palace, 

Well! But let's go back to four years ago. 

I was standing there all aglow; 

I had just been washed and was very clean. 

Then I saw them corning — all sixteen. 

They looked at me, each in turn. 

They looked so innocent — Live and learn! 

The thought of company made me smile 

For I'd been lonely for quite a while. 

I could hardly wait for them to arrive, 

For then I'd be filled from nine to five. 

When they moved in I was tickled pink. 

Gosh! I'd have a school in me — just think! 

The girls took over very fast; 

My loneliness was a thing of the past. 

The teachers helped to set the pace, 

And between them and the seniors it was some rat race. 

The teachers aren't kidding, it's far from a game, 

And no matter what happens, it's the seniors they blame. 

But to this thought I'll put a halt 

By showing you who's really at fault. 

The girls are indeed ambitious and most of them strive 

To get from one "NEW" teacher a mark over twenty five. 

But I don't know if it can be done. 

He fails his students, just for fun. 

My rooms are nice, my seats built well, 

But from that teacher's actions you can never tell. 

Having no friends to lose, be makes new foes 

Whenever he isolates those "two rows." 

He seats the girls with careful prudence, 

Separating the poorer from the better students. 

One teacher to keep order has a unique way 

He takes a pen and tap-taps away. 

He seems to forget that I am only rented, 

As a result, most of my desks are dented. 

Twenty-Eight — 

But the girls aren't angels by any means; 

Come, let me take you behind the scenes. 

The freshies ask to see, upon entering the school, 

The lab, dorm, campus, library and pool. 

Tbe seniors, instead of helping them to learn, 

Say — "Take elevator five flights and make left turn." 

Yes, when I think of them I have to grin. 

They stuck together through thick and thin, 

All four years like sister and brother: 

Even on tests they helped one another! 

At times they make me want to kill, 

I'm referring of course to "The" fire drill. 

In all four years this was the first. 

I was so disappointed that I almost burst. 

I actually almost raised my roof, 

The students had been told I was fire proof. 

When they were told I had overheard, 

And I had believed every single word. 

Well, anyway when that bell rang 

The seniors got going with a bang. 

They were told to walk, and away they went 

This was really quite an event. 

On they strolled and upon returning, 

They found their History teacher was burning. 

He thought they had been trying to hide. 

Boy, he certainly was fit to be tied! 

He stood there and thought and thought, 

And decided a lesson they must be taught. 

He told them to just line up in pairs 

And make a few trips up and down the stairs. 

They had to climb every time they spoke 

Still, they thought it was a great big joke. 

But since it hurt my staircases like murder, 

I was glad they labeled him "Marty the Herder." 

The students are more numerous than at the start, 
But that senior class is closest to my heart. 
Yes, classes may come and classes may go 
But a class like that I'll never know. 
Truthfully I have had a great deal of fun, 
Together with the Senior Class of '51. 


— Twenty-Nine — 


The spirit of joviality 
Coupled with energy 
Forms the personality. 

"Hello out there, let's go hiking 
Up the steep hills with dungarees 
And sweat shirts." 

"Or let's roll marbles down the rnovie aisle 
With our hands behind our hacks, 

Our tongues in our cheeks, with sympathetic, scintillating eyes." 


We must bounce around to the music of energy 

And generate laughter by our good spirits 

In order to make the world happy with our smiles. 

The spirit of joviality 

Coupled with energy 

Can make the world temporarily happy. 


The spirit of inner light 

Must come to fight 

To show its spiritual might. 

What kind of spirit is it that can set the eyes aflame? 
What are its sublime powers that uplift the soul? 
Perchance it is the inner light of pleasure and happiness, 
To which a human responds, for it is a calling from G-d. 

The knowledge of its existence lends itself to personal creation. 
But to know does not suffice the feeling's need of support. 
We must create of the existing to form the feeling sublime. 

Little we know now, but ah, so much to see, 

A world in a grain of sand, and an ocean in a drop of water. 

If only one would put oneself to feel more than one can see. 

Spirit of inner light 

Must c6*ne to fight 

To find our delight, and might. 


Thirty — 


Thirty-One — 

The General Organization 

The G. O. was formed three years ago. During the past year its activities 
have heen varied and extensive. 

In order to strengthen the ties between the Student Council and the 
student body, the G. O. posts its weekly agenda on the bulletin board. It has 
organized many activities which are now functioning independently. These 
are: the Debating team, Arista, Publications, Athletics and the Service Patrol. 

School pins and school book covers have been procured through the G. O, 
along with school sweatshirts. The G. O. has also provided for the distribution 
of the N. Y. Times and the N. Y. Herald Tribune at reduced prices. 

Our yearly Chanukah and Purim affairs and Lag B'Omer outings are 
sponsored by the G. O. This year another successful festivity was added — 
a carnival. In its short period of existence, the G. O, with its groundwork 
laid by Sylvia Klaperman, its first president, has made great strides in the 
field of extra curricular activities. 

We have completed a very successful year under the guidance of Miss Iris 
Cohen, our faculty adviser, and the present G. O. can face the future with 
high hopes and the assurance of a job well done. 

The officers for the past year were: Hadassa Lichtenstein, President; 
Jeanette Klein, Vice President; and Susan Friedman, Secretary. 



One of the most important events in the history of our school was the 
induction of the first six members into Arista. That was the beginning of our 
Arista, the honor society of our school. It is composed of those students 
who are outstanding in character, service, and scholarship. 

Candidates for Arista are interviewed yearly, and their admission is voted 
upon by tlie Student Assembly of Arista and by the Senate, which consists 
of a group of faculty members. This year eight new members were accepted 
into Arista. 

Arista has adopted a constitution. It has recently undertaken the forma- 
tion of a coaching squad which is now functioning quite successfully. Arista 
has also been of valuable aid to the faculty by proctoring entrance and final 
examinations. Arista lias the difficult task of approving all candidates for 
G. 0. offices. 

It has sponsored various excursions, the first of which was a concert 
at Carnegie Hall. The honor society has exerted moral influences on the 
student body in the past and is earnestly endeavoring to carry out its high 
standards and lofty ideals. 

Mr.. Martin Lilker, our history teacher, has served as faculty adviser 
of Arista. The officers for the past year were: Miriam Scheiner, Leader, and 
Vivien Sofer, Vice-Leader. 

— Thirty-Three 

Publications — Literary Board 

A very important project has been undertaken this year by our Publica- 
tions Committee — that of a yearbook. Since the class of 1951 is our first gradu- 
ating class, there has been no previous neecJ for this type of publication. In 
the past, the Publications Committee has sponsored a semi-annual newspaper- 
magazine, "The Torch." This tabloid contained both Hebrew and English 
articles, enabling the students to develop their literary talents and express their 
ideas on current topics. 

This year, the Torch has been supplemented by our yearbook. In it our 
senior annals are written and edited solely by our graduating class. Although 
this publication is predominantly a senior one, the literary sections (botfi 
Hebrew and English) consist of articles from the entire school. This serves 
as an outlet for the students' best talents and encourages our younger students 
to further their development in the journalistic field. 

The Publications Board consists of one representative from each class 
plus the senior editors. Mr. David M. Horn serves as our capable faculty 
adviser. The editors of this yearbook are: Merra Neustadter, Editor-in-chief; 
Sylvia Klaperman, Associate Hebrew Editor; and Myrna Weishaut, Associate 
English Editor. 

— Th irly-Four — 

Publications— Business Board 

The financing of our yearbook has been undertaken by Central Publica- 
tions. This group consists of one representative from each class, elected to 
serve for a period of one year. Each representative is responsible to the 
business manager, to see that her class fills its quota of money. 

In order to encourage more students to participate in the solicitation of 
ads, credits are distributed at the end of each semester in accordance with 
the amount of money procured. Central Publications takes great pride in the 
fact that we bave successfully reached our quota for this year. We appre- 
ciate the cooperation of the entire school, and on behalf of the senior class, 
we wish to extend our gratitude to them. 

This year, Susan Weiser has served as business manager, assisted by Shula- 
mith Rybak. Meetings were held under the supervision of Mr. David M. 
Horn, our faculty adviser, who lias devoted his untiring efforts toward the 
success of this organization. 

Thirtv-Five — 

The Debating Society 

The Interscholastic Debating Society which has been anticipated for a 
long time has been formed recently under the leadership of Esther Soloveit- 
chik. The function of this group is to hold inter-high school debates. We 
have already had a debate with Brooklyn T. A. on the subject of "Universal 
Military Training," from which we emerged victorious. Our next debate on 
"Federal Aid to Education" was with the uptown T. A- branch. We upheld 
the fine precedent of our first debate by again capturing the judges' decision. 
However, our final debate for the season was lost to Brooklyn T. A. It was on 
the topic, Resolved: Government Aid to Railroads. 

The debating team has recently begun to sponsor inter-class debates. 
This has been received with much enthusiasm, as it provides an opportunity 
for more of the students to express themselves in oratorical fashion. We hope 
that in the near future our debating team will expand and hold numerous 
contests with the various high schools. 

— Thirty-Six 

The Dramatics Society 

An important and successful part of our school program is our Dramatics 
Society. This group enables the students to give vent to their acting abilities 
in dramatic productions. In addition to the fundamentals of acting, the 
students are taught the basic techniques of lighting, staging, and costuming. 

The dramatics society, under the direction of Mr. Paul Ravetch, produces 
very successful plays each Purim and Chanukah. This year the cast of our 
Chanukah production gave a truly admirable performance. Although the 
memorization of lines is a tedious task, the girls diligently devote themselves 
to it, thus making our Dramatics Society a complete success. 

Thirty-Seven - 

The Spark 

The Spark, Central's monthly publication, is in its second year of 
existence. This year, the Journalism Club, under the supervision of Mr. Bassell, 
is sponsoring The Spark. The function of tlie Spark is to print school news 
and to give the girls an opportunity to express themselves. The Spark includes 
Hebrew features which are very informative and also pertain to everyday 
happenings in school. In short, The Spark is the recorder of the voice of Central. 

The Spark has become a very popular paper and is read with much 
enthusiasm. It is one of the unifying forces in our school. Freshmen meet 
Seniors, and teachers meet students through the circulation of the Spark. 

The feature columns include editorials, school news, opinion corners, 
puzzles, book reports and many other articles arranged by the staff. 

Since the purpose of the Spark is to give the girls experience in journal- 
ism, a system of rotation has been devised. The rotating editors for this year 
were: Yona Loriner, Susan Friedman. Tova Ordentlicht, Judy Rosenhaum, 
Jovce Friedman, and Eileen Rabin. 





The Service Squad 

This term the service squad has made great strides toward preserving 
proper decorum on the stairs and in the halls. It has taken upon itself to 
patrol all areas of the building in order to preserve cleanliness in the school. 

This squad is composed of two girls from each class who report to the 
squad regularly. Recently the squad sponsored a cleanliness campaign. This 
was successful in instilling in the students an awareness of their school and 
its property. 

The Service Squad was organized a year ago by Yospa Goldberg. During 
the past year it has continued to function under the supervision of Sarah 
Berlin, assisted by Barbara Rock. 






_-_- __ 

JO 1 s 

|P W { ' ; §- |8 'ft-- mwwSm 


:- « * LV 


The immense need for an Athletic team was recognized at the very begin- 
ning of our school; therefore, no time was wasted in organizing a basketball 
team. The team consists of fourteen members, with Ann Marcus as athletic 
manager, who are chosen, not according to classes, but rather on the basis of 
their skill. The team is coached by William Kotkes, a senior at Talmudical 
Academy, and Stanley Jaffe, a student at Yeshiva University. Under their 
able guidance, the team has trained vigorously and has made great strides 
over last season. 

As we are still a young school, we have so far confined our inter-school 
basketball games to Ramaz. With the close of the basketball season, Central 
can boast of having avenged her one setback last year with two successive 
victories over Ramaz. 

With the coming year we hope to broaden our scope by entering into 
athletic competition with other high scbools and making greater advances 
in the field of sports. 

— Forty-Two 

Volley Ball 

A marked example of the progress made by the school in the field of 
athletics is our inter-class volley hall tournament. This affords the entire 
student body a chance to engage in the healthy medium of sports. 

Prior to its formation, only a few students were able to participate as 
members of our basketball team. Now, each class has a volley ball team, 
under the direction of the class athletic manager. 

After many exciting competitive games, our fifth term emerged victorious. 
The success of this tournament has given us the incentive to plan more athletic 
competitions in the near future. 

Forty-Three — 

The Cheering Squad 

Centrals cheering squad consists of six cheerleaders, and approximately 
thirty-five hoosters, who are members of various classes throughout the school. 

The cheerleaders, all in blue skirts and white sweaters, our school colors, 
and the boosters, in Central sweaters, have greatly enlivened our games. The 
cheering squad has boosted the spirits and morales of the players at our 
former games, and we are certain that it will continue to do so at our 
future games. 

Although the cheering squad is primarily a school function, it has ven- 
tured further, supporting our brother school, Talmudical Academy, at various 
games. This has made great strides toward fostering good will between the 
two schools. 

The cheering squad was organized by Bertha Horowitz and Marilyn 
Horowitz. Daisy Streifler was the leader of the boosters. 

— Forty-Four — 


— forty-Five — 


Maturity has the strange and elusive qualities of the intangible. Each 
person regards it a little differently, making it a concept with many inter- 
pretations. The aged man, whose gnarled hands symbolize his experiences 
in life, finds comfort and security in the wisdom that comes with the ripeness 
of age. The life-tempered housewife thrives on the activities of her "chil- 
dren" who are now full-grown men and women, knowing that her all-impor- 
tant task is completed. Such is the maturity of the aged. 

To the young, impressionable high school student, maturity is a rather 
awe-inspiring word, representing the vast, unexplored area of life. He reaches 
for it cautiously, touches it experimentally and tastes of its strange fruit. He 
is fascinated by it, intrigued with its vastness and with the startling realiza- 
tion that in due time he. too, will attain this maturity. It is this realization 
that gives "growing up" its essence, transforming it from an aimless, carefree 
way of spending ones earlier years to a process held erect by a goal. 

However, age is no longer a yardstick with which to measure maturity. 
Maturity depends upon the individual, encompassing the numerous experiences 
that mold that individual. The painful and heartbreaking experience of bid- 
ding a parent on a deathbed good-bye would tend to make a youngster far 
more advanced than his playmates. A girl of twenty-five who has led a secluded 
life under the influence of a dominating parent may be far less mature than 
a sixteen year old who has grown up in a free environment. 

Factors like these can become the very essence of a person, giving him 
maturity of mind, maturity of emotion. A person must have the ability to 
distinguish between what is really important and worthwhile in life and 
what is of doubtful material value. By distinguishing thusly, a person 
formulates his ideals in life. 

A mature person can become a good person in every sense of the word. 
He can purposefully discard the cloak of selfishness, giving of himself selflessly 
toward the helping and understanding of his fellow men. When he realizes, 
as do most contemporary psychologists, that people are not good or bad but 
merely mature or immature, he is one step closer to helping his fellow men. 

Maturity, however, achieves its full meaning only when it is held up as 
a goal. There is always place for further growth and development, for further 
maturation. Thus we hope never to stop growing — always striving toward that 
highest possible attainment consistent with the possession of a human body 
and a human nature — maturity. 


— Forty-Six 

Ayshes Chayil 

Woman's virtue is an oft-lauded quality. It has been envied and emulated 
from the beginning of time. A woman has the tremendous power to mold the 
future generations with her own hands. If she molds them with loving care 
and kindness, the fruit of her work will be her laurels upon which she may 
justly rest; if she molds them harshly or carelessly, tending them with hands 
that are not guided and influenced by a loving and virtuous heart, her product 
will condemn her indifference. 

Although the biblical portrayal of the "virtuous woman" may seem to be 
old-fashioned and somewhat out-moded, its underlying characteristics are time- 
less, fitting today in our modern civilization just as perfectly as they fit in the 
biblical days of long ago. The sages describe the "virtuous woman" as one 
who "rises early to obtain food and flax for her household," but those words 
are merely the cloak for her kindly virtue and good disposition. Surely, today 
in our corrupt and anxious age no one can deny the importance and greatness 
of a true soul and a pure spirit. 

While the immediate characteristics of the "Ayshes Chayil" have changed 
with the times, her true greatness can never change. Is it not true that today, 
as yesterday, the main objective of a woman's life is not the career or social 
work which merely embellish her personality, but rather the perpetuation of 
a race strong in religious and ethical convictions? Her duty is to teach and to 
advise, to counsel and to guide this future man or woman until he is able to 
stand alone in this world, ready to accept the challenges, trials and tribulations 
that inevitably will face him. How true it is that one can better learn by 
example, and that is the basic position of the woman. Hers it is to devote a life- 
time to achieving the type of goodness that one is apt to envy and try to instill 
in oneself. This immense task of teaching and guiding the future generation 
has always been and will always be the woman's ultimate goal. Achieving this, 
in any age, makes her worthy of the much coveted phrase, "Ayshes Chayil." 
"Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her works praise her in the gates." 



Time Marches On 

"Please sir, have you the time 
To hear a sweet but simple rhyme? 
It will only take a minute or two, 
Won't you stop while 1 read it to you?" 

"I haven't the time ; my worthy man. 

I have much to do in so short a span. 

Please come around some other day 

^ lien I'm weary of work and turning gray." 

The old man pleaded to no avail. 

He turned and left the young, determined male. 

"I'll return some cold, wintery night 

When the naked trees are dressed in white." 

The youth laughed gaily, with a twinkling eye, 
"I'll he seeing you then, hut for now goodbye." 
Out came the sun, 'twas a bright, cheerful day; 
The trees wore fresh leaves, as is their fashion in May. 

It w r as then that the young youth met his lovely queen. 
She was but a maiden of shy seventeen. 
Very selfish was she, but that mattered naught. 
Her wealth and her beauty were all that he sought. 

On a bright summer day they married, in June, 
But a dark cloud was frowning that very noon. 
The sun shone no more, the green leaves were scattered. 
He noticed this not, for the wealth was what mattered. 

He stopped all his work: that was his blunder. 

He heeded not the skies and their tumultuous thunder. 

His rough hands now smooth, he had more than his portion. 

He worked hard no longer, good was his fortune. 

His elegant wife dressed in satin and lace, 

He now walked with dignity, at a leisurely pace. 

Often, as his delicate face he would fan, 

He observed with a smirk the hard working man. 

"Why, from dawn till nightfall he stays on his feet, 
For all his toil, he has not enough to eat. 
What a fool! Will he never have peace? 
Will he ne'er rid his hands of that ugly grease? 

He works with the hope of great accomplishment, 
But he works in vain, with his strong back bent. 
As for me, I think my choice was wise 
For I now own all that money buys." 

— Forty-Eight — 

\ear after year passed, taking with them his youth. 
That he was no longer young was the apparent truth. 
His smooth hands were wrinkled, his hack was now bent. 
When he moved, his voice he raised in lament. 

Sure, the worker had aged, for time waits for no one. 
But he proudly looked back at the work he had done. 
He knew that one must make use of his time, 
And that's why the worker lived in peace so fine. 

It was now a cold, wintery night. 
The trees bore no leaves, covered with white. 
An old man knocked at the aged youth's door. 
He was old father time, a wise man of yore. 

"My young man, have you but a moment to spare? 
I want you to hear this small rhyme with care. 
It was coined by those who didn't heed advice; 
And thus have they paid a very dear price." 

"W by sure I have time, more than enough, 
But why call me young when I'm ancient and rough?" 
''For your mind is so young, why you're but a child. 
And your short span of life, you've only defiled. 

Mark my words while you still can repent 

And make use of your time, for work you were meant. 

Eacli second that quickly passes you by 

Is a jewel in itself, so don't let it fly." 

The old man regretfully smiled and said, 
"In my youth with those words I should have been fed." 
"Ah, my old friend, but then you wouldn't listen. 
You had no time, though that was my mission." 


Captain of My Fate 

"I am the master of my soul 
I am the captain of my fate." 

With the rain's pouring 

And the eagle's soaring, 

With lust and greed and hatred, 

With the snow's falling 

And the storm's calling 

And the appetite of the vicious not sated, 

With the snake's bite 

And dark and night, 

With disease, sickness and pollution, 

With the volcano's eruption 

And the Power's corruption, 

With murder, death and revolution, 

With thunder and lightening, 

With sandstorm frightening ... 

With all these forces 

And all these curses 

lou still have the impudence to state, 

"I am the master of my soul 

I am the captain of my fate." 

No — "G-d is the master of thy soul 

G-d is the captain of thy fate." 


Forty-Nine — 


The room dimly lit 

There he'd always sit, 

In an atmosphere 

Where all worries disappear. 

Before him rests his life and love . . . 

He is alone except for the One Above. 

His back is arched, 

His head is bent. 

And while he sways from side to side 

His hands express his argument . . . 

"He is guilty," says Rashi, 

But how can that be 

When Tosfos and the Rivo disagree? 

He wipes his brow and looks again 

To seek between the words once more. 

Glancing up and down the page, he rises. 

Then begins to pace the floor. 

His chin is resting in bis hand, 

His eyes look down to the floor; 

But now the creased eyebrows rise 

As be steps to the door. 

"Of course; that's it,'" he nods 

As he turns about to stroll 

And bend once more over his studies. 

For he was born to learn; that's his goal. 

Learning to him is the fruit of life. 

Invisible strings tie him to his "Gemora." 

How lucky he is to be alive, 

For he can learn the Torab. 

Every moment he bends over 

Engrossed in every word 

And his beautiful "Nigun" can 

Throughout the room be heard. 

Morning, noon, and night 

He works. With tools? 

Yes, with tools of love, for that which is right. 

Oh, Masmid! You picture of might! 

Your strength is within you, 

But it shines upon the world, 

And through the years 

It shall become unfurled. 


- Fifty - 

The Tear 

The quietness of evening slowly descended upon me. Its shadows drew 
strange pictures on the walls, and I sat, thankful for my solitude, absorbing 
the stillness. It was almost inconceivable that this morning should he the last 
time I would plod the muddy streets to the Beth Hamedrash, the last time I 
would sit with my Gemmorah open before me in my seat by the little window. 
How much did I love this seat; how beautiful the sweet nigun of the Gemora, 
which rocked the very walls of the Beth Hamedrash, seemed to me now! How 
dear to me was this place of worship, the long tables and benches, and even 
the cracks in the walls! 

Now was not the time for sentiment, I quickly eluded myself. The choice 
was my own, and I must carry out that which I had decided. But America 
was so far away, and I couldn't bear to be far away from my loved ones and 
my Holy Beth Hamedrash. What would this strange, distant land offer me as 
a man, as a Jew? How I longed to remain in this small village amidst the 
people I knew and the places I revered. 

There seemed to have occurred a spiritual elevation, an almost physical 
metamorphosis. Even the two rooms we lived in appeared strangely altered. 
The wooden floor was scrubbed until it shone, and the ancient oven was polished 
until it fairly sparkled. The cracks in the table were carefully covered by a 
clean, white tablecloth, whose patches in turn were skillfully concealed by the 
family treasure, the candle sticks. Our shining faces mirrored the spiritual 
aspect that our home had suddenly acquired. 

Was the wonderful Sabbath to become but a mere memory, something 
of the past? I could not bear the thought of never again spending the Sabbath 
in our simple home. For this day was not an ordinary one. As if by an occult 
power, the entire family took on a new aspect, viewing all with serenity and 

By now the past could no longer serve as a source of comfort for me. I 
was no longer secure. I forced my thoughts from the pleasurable past, trying 
to disregard the dull ache in my heart and look only to the future. I am a man, 
going forth into the world to seek my fortune. Am I not fortunate to have 
this opportunity? Fearing that my courage would fail me, I quickly left the 
Beth Hamedrash. I dared not look back. 

Night had already descended, but I walked with assurance, for I knew the 
road well. At home my family and friends were awaiting me. With many 
blessings and kind words of advice, my friends and I took leave of each other. 
Now my father and I were alone. Carrying my meager possessions, we started 
walking toward the edge of town, to take the train. We walked close together 
and did not speak. What was there to say? At the station there were the 
necessary, hurried preparations before the arrival of the train. The whistles 
sounded in the distance, and the train loomed into the station. Suddenly, we 
chmg to each other and to the past. In these last few seconds there was so 
much to say, so much to remember, a lifetime of words to express and no time 
in which to do it. Yet all we did was stand with our arms tightly around each 
other, sobbing like children. Half-heartedly, we tried to shut out the thought 
of this inevitable separation, but to no avail. The train whistle sounded, calling 
insistently to me. We exchanged one last embrace, one last goodbye, and one 
last tear. Yes, one last tear which my father shed and did not wipe away. 
That tear rolled gently down his wrinkled cheek on to my lips, and there it 
fell, a bitter-sweet memory which still remains in me, imprinted in the depths 
of my soul. 


— Fifty-One — 

The Strike 

She was one of those shabby, clean women that yon find on Runsen 
Street. Carrying her hag of laundry on her shoulder, she looked shorter and 
thinner than she really was. Her face was full of the wrinkles that babies 
and hard work bring. She stopped near the little cigar store and wiped the pin- 
points of perspiration that had accumulated on her face and neck. She began 
to hurry a little, thinking of the supper she had to prepare for Max and 
the little ones. "It is hard on Max," she thought, "from being a professor in 
the old country to becoming a worker in the factory." Anna felt very sorry 
for her husband. 

There weren't very many steps to the Kretner flat. Anna took out her key- 
to open the door, but it was already open. 

"Joseph, it is you. home so early from school?" 

Mrs. Kretner's English was poor but she refused to go to night school 
as the children had asked of her so many times. 
"No, Anna, it is I, Max." 

"Max? Why are you home so early from work? It is but three o'clock yet." 
"Anna, we are on strike." 
"Strike? What is this strike?" 

"It means we don't go to work, we stay home and help with the housework." 
"Max, you aren't fired?" 
"No, no Anna." 
"Then you get paid?" 
"No Anna, we're striking." 
"Then you're fired." 

Mr. Kretner knew that he couldn't explain to Anna what he did not 
understand himself. He had been at the plant two weeks when the big man 
next to him had invited him to go down to the union meeting. He had not 
understood what they had been talking about, but he liked the clear earnest 
voices of the young men. It had happened so suddenly. They had told him 
he must strike and he repeated earnestly that he must. Now he was home and 
he was so tired. "Anna, it all happened so sudden-like, you understand." 
"Yes, Max I understand." 

Anna knew that above all she must protect this man who was her husband. 
She was hardened; she could stand the cold and the large bags of laundry, but 
Max wasn't used to it. She remembered the days in the old country, when 
her hands were not yet hardened by strong laundry soap and the prick of 
the needle. She remembered how happy she had been when Max came to call 
on her, and how pretty she had looked in her wedding dress. Max's eyes had 
been so very proud. 

Then something happened. There was a lot of noise. They fled from 
the pretty little house, the people and the school that Max had loved. They came 
to this country where her sons and daughters had been born. Strange sons 
and daughters, who spoke a language she could hardly understand. And 
here they had lived, amidst the sharp, gloomy second-hand furniture made 
bearable only by the souvenirs from the house in the old country. Anna had 
learned to do without the maid, to cook and sew, and to haggle over the prices 
of the simple food she made for her hungry husband and children. It had 
been hard at first. Anna's jaw stuck out a little as she thought of the strike 

— Fifty-Two — 

that was going to threaten the security of her family. She knew what she 
had to do . . . 

The next morning Anna rose early. As she approached the building that 
matched the number that was written down in the newspaper, she was more 
than a little frightened. But there was no other way. She looked up Mr. 
Johnson's name in the register. It was on the second floor. She walked up. 
She had always been afraid of elevators. They represented all the big mys- 
terious ways of the new country. She ignored the bell on the bio-, o-lass 
door and knocked. 

"Come in." 

Anna walked into the roomy office and looked at the red-lipped »irl 
seated behind the desk. 

"I would like maybe to see Mr. Johnson, please." 

Miss Smith looked at the polite, shabby woman and said as she did 
to so many other people that she bad the unpleasant task of getting rid of, 
"I'm sorry, but Mr. Johnson is in conference." 

"Could you please tell him to come out?" 

Miss Smith felt sorry for the poor woman and felt ashamed of the lies 
she had to tell each day, that were a part of her job. Something inside her 
made her say, "All right, come this way." 

She led the way to Mr. Johnson's private office. Anna timidly knocked 
on the door. She felt like running away but she didn't waver. Mr. Johnson 
looked up. 

Who the devil had let her in? 


"Mr. Johnson, you don't know me, but my husband got in a strike by 

Mr. Johnson looked at the slightly contorted face of Mrs. Kretner and 
felt no pity. He did not like polite, shabby women with accents. 

"And I'd like you should maybe give him his job back." 

Mr. Johnson's eyes brightened. This would be a good one, a good joke 
to tell at the club. 

"lour husband can have his job back at any time." 

"Thank you, thank you." 

"Not at all." 

So kind these Americans were. She walked home with a quick step and 
a lightened heart. 

"Max, Max, everything is fine, I got your job back for you." 

Mr, Kretner was far from being happy at the news. 

"Max, maybe I do something wrong?" 

"No, no Anna, you did not understand. I can't take my job back until 
the strike is over. I promised, Anna, when I joined the union, I promised!" 

And Anna understood. For the first time, she understood her husband, 
America and all the things that had been so strange to her. 

"Max . . ." 

"Yes, Anna?" 

"I understand . . . and Max I am provid of you." 

And that night Anna slept the sleep of the contented, in the small room 
with the second-hand furniture. 

And Mr. Johnson slept too, in the large oversized bed on Riverside Drive. 
Mr. Johnson wondered why he had only heard polite laughter when he had 
told his friends the joke about the clean, shabby woman with the accent. 


Fifty-Three — 

Science and Judaism 

How often do we hear the hoast of unbelievers and the lament of loval 
Jews that Modern Science is estranged from G-d and hostile to religion? It 
cannot be gainsaid that Modern Science has frequently been used as a weapon 
in the modern warfare against Judaism. There is hardly a great discovery of 
Science that has not been used by atheists as a means of attacking some truth 
of revelation, so much so, that many pious people began to dread the natural 
science as something dangerous. Narrow and unwarranted as such views are, 
we must admit that we are compelled to look upon the proud achievements 
of the nineteenth century in the field of science and discoveries with a mingled 
feeling of admiration and regret. Our admiration is called forth by the aston- 
ishing progress that undoubtedly has been made; our regret, at seeing tbe 
abuse of those achievements. The mysterious phenomena of life, of sensation 
and intelligence, have been scrutinized, and we are told that the belief in a 
spiritual and immortal soul is an illusion, a self-deception. Indeed, propagan- 
dists of such views are to be found among those who, though not scientists of 
any name, claim to speak in the name of science. However, while trying to 
popularize the result of Science, some of them outrage Science by facts that 
are mere assumptions. It is these assumptions that are used as weapons against 
Jewish revelations. 

The wiser scientists confess themselves unable to solve any question which 
lies beyond their scope. With the tremendous advances in the field of medicine, 
with the discovery of the microscope and the spectroscope, we find ourselves 
no nearer to the solution of the great problem of the existence of G-d than 
we were before. Hence, the Orthodox Jew would have no reason for being 
disturbed in his faith. 

What has been the attitude of the leading scientists toward religion during 
the nineteenth century? The greatest scientists were strong believers in the 
Almighty. However, there are many people who will allow themselves to be 
deceived bv the infidels. The people themselves are incapable of examining 
the scientific problem, but they accept the supposed results on the authority of 
modern scientists. It is on the credulity of those who are inclined and are 
willing to become unbelievers that the propagators of unbelief base their 
reckoning when they assure the world that all the scientists are opponents of 
revealed religion, and that, therefore, the old faith does not deserve the alle- 
giance of enlightened man. 

Judaism, far from being hurt by Science, has been strengthened by it. 
Shovel, spade and microscope have raised, rather than lowered, our traditions. 
Science for us is the handmaid of Religion, and Judaism, the word of G-d, will 
live forever. 


Fifty-Four — 

The Development of Israeli Music 

Israeli music expresses the soul of a sacred people. It is not merely the 
translation of the emotions of a soul into music; hut rather it is determined 
hy a force far greater. Jewish music is identifiahle with the pain and the joy, 
the hope and the dream of a soul that was fashioned and formed from Ahraham 
unto this very day. It traces the wanderings of a tormented people, the suffer- 
ings endured in the ghettos and finally . . . the rebirth of a nation. 

In Israel, Jewish musical genius, aroused from a truly Jewish environ- 
ment, moved hy the drama of daily living and inspired by the historical 
atmosphere, has developed our Israeli music from simple folk music to mag- 
nificent concertos and symphonies. The music of modern Israel, representing 
the culture of the land, is a blending of East and Vest, of the Old and the 
New. The development of this music is a reflection of the history of the land. 

Jewish music had its origin with the ardent "Billuim" of Russia. They 
brought to Israel Slavic melodies based upon songs of aspiration and yearnino. 
These differ from the melodies of the second Aliyab, under the influence of 
A. D. Gordon and Ahad Ha'am, which are songs of toil, of the joy of work 
and the love of the soil. After this, another phase of music, Yemenite melodies, 
developed among the new colonists. 

During the early days of immigration, which saw great hardships, a new 
era of melody began. Its songs were songs of great praise and exultation 
despite the poverty, sorrow and suffering. The next wave of immigration was 
from Russia. Refugees from Eastern Germany and Poland streamed in, 
bringing with them a unique melange of culture. The melodies of the immi- 
grants from concentration camps of today combined with these other refugees 
form the rich cultural background for our present day music. 

With the settling of these people, a new national life began. Cities and 
colonies were built. Labor developed institutes, the most famous of which 
are the Hebrew University and the Hadassah Hospital. This brought about 
a new phase of music which included songs of the cities and colonies, horas, 
nursery rhymes and dance tunes. 

The poems of "Yehudah Halevi, Bialik, Tchernichovsky, and Shimono- 
witz, when put to music, became native tunes. The most popular of these 
is Bialik's "Teehezakna", the anthem of Labor Zionism, set to rhythmic martial 
music. With the coming of World War II, entirely new songs — fighting songs, 
marching songs of the underground and farewell songs — sprang up. 

While this folk music was developing spontaneously among the people of 
the land, serious music began to receive a more formal sponsorship. The 
Palestine Philharmonic Orchestra was established in 1936 by Bronislaw Huber- 
man. Arturo Toscanini came to its opening performance. Since then the 
orchestra can boast of many visits by great conductors, including Leonard 
Bernstein. At present there is a Palestine Opera Company in Israel. It al- 
ready has produced one great masterpiece, a native opera entitled "Dan Ha- 
shomer" by Marc Lavry. 

The rapidly developing Palestinian theatre, which today boasts some 
seven companies in Tel Aviv alone, is responsible for another type of music 
in Israel. The celebrated Habimah troupe, the Ohel and the Mahatei are 
outstanding in this field. Among the prominent composers in Israel today 
are Sholom Aharoni, Itzhak Edel, Marc Lavry, and Peter Gradenwitz. 

The variegated style of Israel's early music was an inevitable result of 
our dispersion. Now, with the casting aside of the bonds of oppression, we 
can look forward to the growth of a new era of music, parallel with the tre- 
mendous progress of the land, to remain immortal as the soul of an immortal 


— Fijty-Five — 

Two Pillars 

"A vessel, carrying the two pillars which were to stand in front of the 
Temple, was sailing on the high seas. Suddenly, a fierce storrn broke loose 
and the billowing waves pulled one of the pillars into its depths. But the 
ocean still was not pacified. It wanted to rob the second pillar also. A Jew, 
standing on board, clutched the second pillar with both hands and said, 
'Almighty G-d, I shall not permit this to happen. I shall strive against the sea. 
And, if it is fated that the pillar sink in the ocean, then I shall go to the 
bottom with it." Then the storm abated and when the vessel reached its 
destination, the first pillar appeared and rose out of the water." 

Jonah :38 

This quoted legend captivates our thoughts not only with its pathos but 
also with its powerful allegorical possibilities. It is like an elaborate landscape 
which, satiating the eye with its colors and poetic mood, also contains priceless 
natural treasures in its depths. 

If we were to analyze the multi-colored surface of the legend in a spectrum, 
we would find the entire tragedy of Jewish History, ^e could see in it, as 
in a clear mirror, the struggles, the pains and vicissitudes of the Jew's life, his 
disappointments and strivings in the past, his hopes and illusions for the 
future and his final triumph after years of uncertainty and discouragement. 

"A vessel is cruising on the high seas." A Jewish vessel — the nomadic 
life of the Jew during the last two thousand years. 

The primary condition for the survival of a people is earth, a land beneath 
its feet. A land where the traditions, living conditions and the instigation of 
moral and humane precepts become deeply rooted in the course of centuries 
and are absorbed in the mannerisms, character and psychological structure of 
people, is the basis upon which a people's existence depends. 

The Jewish position was always a fluctuating one, rebuilding and re- 
establishing customs, living conditions and mannerisms, changing according 
to the position of his new resting place upon which fate threw him. The lands 
which he inhabited were like the waves which buoy the Jewish vessel up for 
a short time before tossing it out to the mercy of the other waves. 

"A Jew, sitting in the vessel, is leaning upon two pillars." The Jew 
possesses a phenomenal attribute which other peoples lack: he never despairs 
under the burden of misery and pain. On the contrary, successive discriminations 
have evoked hidden creative faculties, dormant flames of energies and de- 
sires in him. He drew two pillars from the depths of his soul and leaned 
upon them. Upon them, too, did he place his dreams to rebuild the Holy 
Temple of his life. The two pillars are the Galut and Eretz Israel. 


Devoid of a land which he could call his own, the Jew indulged in 
books and scholarship; he expanded the Torah's ideals and moral values 
and developed the conditions necessary for that life. 

Amid the cruel galut he created the Talmud, the religious philosophic 
literature, the various mystic movements, the schools, and the invaluable 
treasure of Chasidism. 

These creations did not merely remain buried in books and libraries. 
They became the earth upon which the Jew built his daily existence, the 
bricks from which his very life was constructed, and the well from which 

— Fifty-Six — 

generations drank courage and drew life. Although surrounded by hatred 
and antagonism, hundreds of truly Jewish communities sprang up. 


The galut creations and developments did not remain the only pillar 
upon which the Jew relied. He also possessed a second one upon which lie 
based his dreams. The second pillar — Eretz Israel. 

Wherever the Jew was, whether in the cultural cities of western Europe, 
the poverty stricken Poland, or in the tumultuous Orient, his hope of being 
reunited with his homeland, Eretz Israel, never wavered. A rebuilt Jerusalem 
was more than a mere dream It is this second pillar upon which the Jew 
placed his hopes and drew the courage to continue his existence. 

"Suddenly a fierce storm broke loose and the bellowing waves pulled 
one of the pillars into their depths." The ocean, which is the world, became 
fierce and scornful, angrily throwing itself upon the Jewish vessel, tearing 
one of the pillars away from it, and submerging it in its abysses. 

The Galut and the surging Jewish life were completely annihilated by 
the brutal hands of Hitler's followers. 

In the places where Jewish life flourished there remains an emptiness 
and silence which painfully laments to the heavens. There is no longer the 
intense celebration of Jewish festivities.. There remains only an empty void 
where the souls of the tortured hover, casting fear and panic about them. 

"The ocean was still not pacified. It also wanted to rob tire second pillar. 
But the Jew clutched it with both his hands and said: "Almighty G-d, I shall 
not permit this. If it is fated that the pillar sink into the ocean, then I shall 
go to the bottom with it.'' 

Let us reflect the occurrences in Eretz Israel during the recent years. 
World powers have conspired against Israel, creating a fierce struggle. It is 
a contest between weak and weary wanderers and powerful nations. 

The Jew staunchly refuses to concede the victory. He will press the 
remaining pillar to his heart with all his strength and fight off the turbulent 
and angry ocean with the greatest zeal and passion. He will fight to the end. 

A miracle will then take place — "The vessel will reach a port and the 
first pillar will appear, enabling the Jew to enjoy both pillars." 

Jewish matyrdom and idealism, exercised and proved during years of 
pain, will break and crumble the power of the enemy and will strike back 
at the lands threatening the Jewish country. 

A new, healthy, and fruitful life will blossom further. 
"And it shall come to pass in the end of days, 
That the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established 

at the top of the mountains, 
And shall be exalted above the hill; 
And all nations shall flow into it. 
And many people shall go and say 

'Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord's 
To the house of the G-d of Jacob; 
And he shall teach us of His ways, 
And we will walk in His paths.' " 


— Fifty-Seven 

Social Trends in Contemporary Literature 

A redeeming feature of our modern civilization is our ability to face social 
problems frankly, with an air of outright honesty and sincerity. Marked 
evidence of this appears in our contemporary literature. Books are used as 
weapons with which to combat social ills and advocate social reforms. Al- 
though these books are written in an excellent literary style, their essence lies 
in their various messages, all of which arouse a dormant public to some vital 


Written by Howard Lindsay and Russell Crouse 

The plot evolves about Grant Matthews, a businessman, who desires the 
much-coveted position of President of the United States. His problem, that 
of casting aside temptation and bribery in favor of honesty and integrity, 
is one that faces any aspirant of a high public position. This play shocks the 
public into realizing how corrupt our government really is. The fact tbat a 
man who is running for the highest office in the land is faced with such cor- 
ruption is an apalling reality. Even the recognition of this problem is a step 
in the right direction, inspiring us to act in unison so that we may rid our 
government of these evils. 


Written by Pearl S. Buck 

Reviewed by ANN MARCUS 

Pearl S. Buck writes this book as a guide and encouragement to parents 
of a retarded child. Every retarded child means a stricken, heartsick family. 
The inability of parents to cope with this situation causes our schoolrooms to 
be confused by the presence of those who, through no fault of their own, are 
as they are. Baffled by a hopelessly complex world, they may fall into criminal 

In this book, Pearl S. Buck relates to us the story of her trials and heart- 
aches, first, as she discovers that her child is not like all others, and again, 
as she has to face this problem. The authoress feels that, as in her case, the 
best place for such children is an institution, where they can live and play with 
their own kind, happy in their own oblivion. "All they do is done in innocence, 
for of G-d's many children these are the most innocent." 


Written by James E. Gows and A. D'Usseau 

"Deep Are the Roots" presents a vivid picture of racial prejudice preva- 
lent everywhere today. It portrays the hypocrisy of the many who "want to 
help the Negroes — want to give them better opportunities for education," 
while in their hearts is the feeling that the Negro, because his skin is black, 
is inferior to the white man. It is the story of the cruel uprising of the South 
against the Negro soldiers who return home in 1945, after having bravely 
fought side by side with the white soldiers to save their country, America. 

— Fifty-Eight — 

In this book, Bret, the Negro, and Miss Nerovy, the white girl, symbolize 
the conflict of their races. This book evidences society's reluctance to over- 
come its strong racial prejudices. 

This play, in its simplicity and truth, teaches a lesson to all mankind. 
One of the greatest and most tragic problems today is racial hatred which 
prevails not only in the South, but in our very midst. It is the duty of every 
person to erase this prejudice. Negro or White, Jew or Christian, we are all 
striving together to build America — "the land of the free and the home of the 


Written by Arnold Perl 

Arnold Perl's '"Mind in the Shadow"' conveys a sense of appalling tragedy 
on the subject of psychiatry. The author clearly illustrates the wide gap 
between the theory on this subject and its practice. 

Science has made many studies to understand and cure mental illnesses. 
While funds for tuberculosis, infantile paralysis, and cancer are raised an- 
nually, a campaign for mental health institutions is a rare thing. In an ad- 
vanced and modern age such as ours one can only wonder why people have 
not progressed far enough from the ancient concept of throwing the insane 
into a snake pit. Insanity is something still discussed in whispers because 
people are ashamed of it. 

"Mind in the Shadow" is an investigation of our clinics for mental health, 
directed to change the people's ideas and attitudes toward psychiatry. It 
awakens the people to the terrible conditions in public clinics and private in- 
stitutions. They are overcrowded and understaffed. Out of sheer necessity 
physicians begin taking short-cuts to therapy, short-cuts like regulating patients 
to unqualified attendants, short-cuts like shouting at patients — the next step 
being the strait-jacket. This book has made immeasurable strides in bringing 
to light this hidden problem and the need for necessary reforms. 


The table is set 

Holding the Shabbos food, 

The house looks new and "Shabbosdic" 

To fit our Shabbos mood. 

We forget the time we've spent 

In scrubbing up the floor 

In joyous anticipation 

Of what Shabbos has in store. 

For this is something precious 

To remember all your life . . . 

The Jewish home and Shabbos 

That endures through peace and strife. 

When we're all prepared for Shabbos 

And the tablecloth is laid, 

And the Shabbos candles are ready, 

And the gefillte fish is made, 

Then we gather 'round the table 

(Even the dishes glow and shine). 

The "Chalos" are on the table 

And the cup we'll fill with wine. 

Then mother lifts her hands up 

And she covers up her face, 

In tiptoes the sacred Shabbos Harnalkah 

And a transformation takes place. 



The Sonnet Sequences of The 19th Century 

The sonnet, a form of verse that originated in Italy, has varied throughout 
the ages. In the Elizabethan age, many sonnets were written by knights for 
the purpose of impressing their loved ones. However, the art which is ex- 
pressed in these groups of sonnets is merely a conventional style. A sharp 
contrast is evidenced in the sonnets of the 19th century, because they are more 
sincere and possess a stronger emotion. The sonnet sequences of the 19th 
century excel in their tender manner of expressing the art of love. These 
sonnets are the "Sonnets from the Portuguese" by Elizabeth Barret Browning 
and "The House of Life," by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. 

Like many great works of art, these sonnets have been influenced by the . 
lives of their creators. Let us now delve into the background of Elizabeth 
Barret Browning whose work, "Sonnets from the Portuguese," is indeed a master- 
piece of English literature. 

Born into an unhappy home, Elizabeth Barrett became an invalid at an 
early age and soon devoted herself entirely to her studies. At the age of twenty- 
five she began her life as a writer. After many years of writing poetry, she 
became acquainted with Robert Browning. Little did she realize that this was 
the man whose love would kindle her yet undiscovered genius. During their 
courtship she wrote a series of sonnets to him, but her strong sense of delicacy 
and reserve prevented her from showing them to him till after their marriage. 

Mr. Browning accepted these sonnets for what they were intended to be, 
the intimate outpourings of a full heart, meant for his eyes alone. As her 
husband read and reread the poems, lie became impressed with the universality 
of the writings in which she expressed her innermost self. Proud as he was to 
have a secret record of her devotion, he felt that he had no right to be the sole 
possessor of such a treasure. After much persuasion, Elizabeth was finally 
convinced of the universal beauty of her poems, and agreed to their publication. 
The question of a title now arose. The name "Sonnets from the Portuguese" was 
chosen, designed to conceal the personal motive of the sonnets. 

The "Sonnets from the Portuguese" show Elizabeth Barrett Browning at her 
very best. Although she had been writing all her life, the sonnets which were 
written at the age of forty-one show the genius of Elizabeth Barrett to be com- 
paratively new. Her writings, published during her young womanhood, are full 
of interesting passages, but jejune to an extraordinary degree. 

Sincerity is indeed the first gift of literature, and perhaps the most un- 
common. It is not granted to more than a few to express in direct language 
their feelings. To attempt to render passion by artistic speech is commonly 
void of success. There are those who have desired, enjoyed and suffered to 
the very edge of human capacity. However, when they try to tell us what they 
felt in poetical form, the result is much discord. There is no question that 
many of the coldest and most uneffected verses usually hide, underneath their 
seemingly dull lines, great passion. 

The key-note of Elizabeth Barrett as an artist was sincerity. It is this 
quality, with all that it implies, which makes her sonnets great. Being denied 
love in her early youth, she took this opportunity to give her husband all the 
love she possessed. While writing these sonnets she was not striving to produce 
an effect. She was merely trying to express what was in her heart. Therefore, 
had these sonnets been written expressly for publication, she could not have 
poured out her love in this sincere fashion. 

— ! Sixty — 

With her first instinct of love, Elizabeth Browning found herself submerged 
in a sense of her own unworthiness. What could she give to her lover in return 
for the love of his heart? "Love is beautiful," the sonnets continue, and only 
in her love is she worthy to renounce him. The sonnets then emphasize the 
difference between his freedom and her imprisonment. He could be sure of 
her love; dared she be sure of his? 

As an invalid, the fear of death was ever-present in her mind, leaving 


future for her, until love, stronger than death, came to make her safe, strong 
and happy. She then pleads that her love may not harm him. He has given 
her such love as she did not believe existed. She recounts the many ways she 
loves him and thus concludes. 

The works of Dante Gabriel Rossetti rank as high as the "Sonnets from the 
Portuguese." They differ only in that Rossetti excels by the volume and impulse 
of his imagery and Elizabeth Browning holds her own in the vivacity of her 
innate sincerity. 

Dante Gabriel Rossetti is considered one of the greatest painters and poets 
of the Victorian age. Since the days of Dante and Raphael, other poets have 
been painters but none have attained the mastery of both arts which we find 
exemplified in the work of Rossetti. In such a case it is only fair that each art 
should react upon the other. He wrote verses to accompany his pictures and 
painted pictures of ideas which he expressed in his verse. When we examine 
the cases in which Rossetti brought the two arts closest together, as in his son- 
nets, we shall find beautiful illustrations of nature, which enrich the poems 

Rossetti's work, "The House of Life," a collection of a hundred and one 
sonnets, was influenced and inspired by the poet's wife. A study of the cir- 
cumstances pending Rossetti's marriage will help us to understand the tre- 
mendous influence his wife had on the "House of Life." Rossetti was born 
in London on May 12, 1828, the son of an Italian painter. He was educated 
in an environment of art, with considerable study in London galleries. In 
1860, after a long engagement, be married a beautiful but delicate model, 
Elizabeth Seidel. This model was immortalized in both his paintings and 
his poetry. She died a few years later, and from the shock of her death Rossetti 
never fully recovered. Broken hearted, he buried all his unpublished manu- 
scripts with her. Only at the persistent demands of his friends were they 
exhumed years later. Meanwhile, a small group of Rossetti's friends who 
had long cherished his works copied the manuscripts of many of his works 
and circulated them from hand to hand. No other volume of English poetry 
published during the last century has created such a sensation or has been 
received with such acclaim. 

In 1881 he issued a truly great group of ballads and sonnets which are 
now known as "The House of Life." He died in April of 1882. Rossetti 
worked on this series of poems from his twentieth year until his death. The 
title and the arrangement are drawn from the astrological divisions of the 
heavens into twelve houses, the first and greatest of them being "The House 
of Life." These poems record in splendid imagery the experiences chance and 
fate bring to the life of a young man. 

The sonnet sequences of the Nineteenth Century are unique in their sin- 
cerity and their strong, tender emotion. The sonnets of Elizabeth Barrett 
Browning and Dante Gabriel Rossetti rank highest in this field. They have 
made a great contribution to our literature, aiming toward the ultimate per- 
fection of the sonnet. 


Sixty-One — 

Oh, Little Girl 

Oh, little girl with rosy cheek 

and sparkling eyes so bright, 
And little hands that look so weak, 
and a smile that's full of light, 
And dimpled knees, and mouth so sweet 
that talks incessantly, 

And curling locks, and dancing feet, 
You steal my heart from me. 

But oh, beware, in those hands so weak 

She'll hold the world to he; 

If a glimpse of the future you seek 

Study her — and you'll see. 

Those rosy cheeks will start to blush, 

And those sparkling eyes so bright 

Will speak of love. And in a rush 

She will grow up over night. 

Then she'll run to you (pretty soon) 

And with her locks so coyly tossed, 

She'll bring to mind that age old tune, 

And tell you her heart is lost. 

Her favorite doll and dog-eared book 

She'll put in the memory box, 

And into cookbooks she will look 

And stroke a baby's locks. 

The little girl with rosy cheeks 

Will grow old by and by. 

If a good world is what you seek 

Bring her up right — please try. 

She is a trust, given to you — 

This wonderful living thing. 

How you bring her up, what you do 

Will mean how much good she'll bring. 

For the people who bemoan and cry, 

"Our children bring no joys," 

Are the ones who didn't even try 

To rear good little girls and boys. 

That little girl with rosy cheeks 

And sparkling eyes so bright, 

And little hands that look so weak, 

And smile that's full of light, 

And dimpled knees, and mouth so sweet 

That talks incessantly, 

And curly locks, and dancing feet 

She'll steal your heart too — you'll see. 


Sixtv-Ttvo — 

Statehood for Alaska and Hawaii 

The territories knocking at the Union's door are Hawaii and Alaska. For- 
mally years they have been trying to become states, and they now appear to be on 
the threshold of success. 

There are many requirements for becoming a state. The people in the 
territory must be imbued with ideas sympathetic toward the principles of 
democracy, the majority of the people living in the territory must want state- 
hood, and the territory must have sufficient population and resources to support 
a state government. 

Much controversy has been raised as a result of the fact that the two 
proposed states are not on our boundaries. They are miles away from us, but 
in this world of modern inventions, lands are brought closer together, thus 
closing the gaps brought about by the ocean. The bills for admission into the 
Union have been drafted to some extent. Hawaii has political machinery all set 
up to comply with statebood requirements and her state constitution is already 
drafted. Alaska is not so far advanced and would probably not be ready for 
actual admission for one or two years following a Congressional consent. Many 
representatives in Congress feel that if these states were admitted there would 
not be an even amount of Southern and Northern votes. The fear that this 
would barm them has caused filibustering in the House of Representatives. 

Alaska, our last American frontier, should be firmly established as a state 
because of her unique and valuable location. It will help to stymie the Krem- 
lin's determination to conquer the world. Defensively, Alaska should be im- 
pregnable. Offensively, it should be readied for immediate action in the event 
of a war. The financial abilities of Alaska present a serious problem, but a 
stalde and growing population, together with an expanding economy and state- 
hood, will help to eliminate that problem. 

Statehood for Hawaii, that point at which America comes in contact with 
the Orient, will be an action tbat speaks louder than any words the Communists 
can utter, and will do much to create good will between the United States and 
the Pacific area. Hawaii is a vital outpost of national defense, and the objectors 
who fear Asiatic predominance should practice what they preach about racial 

The people of Hawaii and Alaska are citizens of the United States. They 
ask to become citizens of a state of the Union, showing themselves on an equal 
status with the people of the United States. The matter of statehood should 
be approved by Congress, as this is a step toward the furthering of democracy. 
It is up to us, a democratic, peace-loving country, to insure these qualities for 
other countries that desire them. 


— Sixty-Three — 

A Mother's Choice 

In a monastery far away, 

On a dark and dreary day, 

At windows very few, 

Many children are peeking through. 

Little boys with heads so bare, 
Little girls with braids so fair, 
And peering in between the two, 
Are two eyes of azure blue. 

Eyes of blue revealing defeat, 
And a nose, oh very petite, 
Hair a deep dark black; 
Of red lips there is no lack. 

His mother brought him to this sight, 
In the middle of the night. 
She kissed him long and tenderly, 
And spoke to him pensively. 

From this time on, my child dear, 
Leave all to G-d and have no fear. 
He will watch over you, 
Guiding all you do. 

But remember your mother's words, 
Her heart really isn't absurd. 
I brought you here where you 

are a stranger, 
Because your life is in great danger. 

Flay you with these children well, 
Your religion never tell, 
Never tell your people's folklore, 
For henceforth a Jew you are 
no more. 

The child with his mother did plead, 
Please don't do this awful deed. 
How can you leave me here alone, 
This strange home I have to roam. 

Then she took him in her arms, 
Repeated softly some Hebrew psalms. 
The exhausted child went to sleep, 
Falling into a slumber sweet. 

With eyes red with weeping, 
The mother kissed her child sleeping. 
She kissed him with a heart of fear, 
Alone she left him and disappeared. 

In the cold night she did run, 
Hearing the voice of her only son. 
Excusing her deed within her heart, 
Praying for mercy from the Lord, 
our G-d. 

So did many a mother do, 

In Hitler's war against the Jew, 

Leave their children in 

Christian hands, 
Leave their children in 

strange lands. 


Sixty-Four — 

The Homecoming of Odysseus 

When Odysseus wakened in his home 

From where he would no longer roam, 

Where he was he did not know 

'Till great Athene told him so, 

And showed him the trees and the hlooming fields 

And all the fruits that the rich soil yields. 

Then brought Odysseus into a cave 

All the gifts the Phaecians gave. 

This having been done, they sat and thought 

Of destruction on the wooers, for all they had wrought. 

So that mortal men should not recognize him 

Athene made brave Odysseus' eyes dim, 

And plucked out his yellow locks 

And dressed him in most wretched frocks. 

To Eumaeus, the swineherd, Odysseus then went. 

In his dwelling, a day and a night he spent. 

Although much hospitality was shown, 

Odysseus' identity remained unknown 

To all mortal men witli the exception of one — 

Telemachus, Odysseus' faithful son. 

One more was yet to recognize him, 

But, alas. Death came dark and grim 

To the dog, who after many a year, 

Had seen Odysseus — his master, so dear. 

Odysseus then from the wooers begged bread, 

All of them gave, but Antinous instead, 

Struck Odysseus with a mighty blow, 

But not a sign of staggering did he show. 

Irus, the beggar, then came into the hall 

And challenged Odysseus to a match before all. 

Odysseus won, and from those who were present 

Received some food, a gift quite pleasant. 

After reassuring Penelope that once again, he 

Will the master of this house be, 

Eurycleia bathed the stranger's feet 

And all of a sudden her eyes did meet 

The scar above Odysseus' knee 

Who thought the end soon would surely be. 

But Eurycleia swore to be faithful to Laertes' son 

And not reveal his secret to anyone. 

Prudent Penelope knew nothing of this 

And thus she spoke unto wise Odysseus: 

Today a contest I will hold 

And he who will be the most bold 

To bend the bow 

And shoot the arrow — 

Will have me as his bride 

To walk forever side by side. 


— Sixty-Five — 

Man and the Poet 

With what inner gift is the man with poetical genius endowed? What 
hasic difference enahles us to distinguish him from his fellow-men? Ques- 
tions of this type are apt to annoy people who manifest an interest in poetry. 
Most people recognize the poet's genius and regard him as a man who fights 
for humanity, fully appreciates the various types of beauty and lives a life 
of spiritual freedom. 

Nevertheless, any man may write poetry and not be a poet in the true 
sense of the word. The poet is able to penetrate life's clouded surface, feeling 
his way cautiously into its obscure depths. Man, however, is blinded by the 
glittering surface that greets his eye. When man looks at nature, he sees 
the beauty of the sunrise, precious white snowflakes as they fall from the sky, 
the silvery moon reflected on the lake, and the tall majestic mountains looming 
close to the heavens. The glowing sunset enchants him, the appeal of the 
fields and their exquisitely perfumed flowers prove irresistible. The mystery 
beyond the horizon captures him body and soul. Man appreciates these 
tilings for the beauty and forcefulness in them; he writes long essays prais- 
ing what he has seen. ♦ 

Man also sees human life: a young girl bewailing the loss of her lover, 
a woman searching for her missing child, an old man looking desperately 
for a home. He can even sympathize with the young radical, fighting to correct 
the injustices and hardships that pervade the nation. 

But a poet does not only see these things; he accepts them as part of 
his life. He feels that both the beauty and hardships are beckoning to him, 
and he becomes conscious of their power. Should he fulfill the self-imposed 
obligation and share humanity's joys and sorrows, and thus help her? A fierce 
struggle ensues! Eventually, he realizes that he cannot remain unresponsive 
to all that takes place around him. He has an overpowering urge to reach 
out and partake in this activity. The poet runs into the fields, and there 
he answers humanity's call, not with mere words, but with music that comes 
from the very depths of his heart — and that is poetry! 


— Sixty-Six — • 





Sixty-Seven ■ 

n ttth n 

■f«»nj?Bj?^p n^s nsn 

jnn ^n^n rmna D7iyn ?s ns nnnnn B^o^nts' d^s ,pp:i rpn n? 
,ysnn 7s n« Ttayn sen nn d^'it o^yi mrs oy onaiyn nt!7sn isjyty 
: ton ,: ? "isc nss ,Dn^nTQ dtjs 'snss ums D^niDpn D^iron d^obw nano 

psn-Mnsn niTfi nup7 :nvi naiT,s nya dhiiTH hdjis ■'ajyn ins 
is p7 -mo ,">yi« ;ais3 c^pn is ,rmw ■e—i^r, on^y nnB> rmpm T7B»n nnn 
nana? p7 iidd o^ns "j"* cpn sin c; ,i7sn a^npn ins rrri "ok dh .rnt?n 
^itapttTi cntrn nnn uw> ,TiDro ntj>y nyitfa : nnpa* nn .yiT' ^is jnsn 
pi .mnytpm nmayn nnn?: n« ^ann ynnn tspB>7i onsxn DirnT7 a^pn^ 
Torn i'odd ">nts> nn 73 ,wn niDi yatsn "ev ns nisn7 d^isi 17H3 ni'^'n 
nvin m* 1 i&'ym 7s mso nnaoo d^dbti : 7sn"" m-poT c-y: 7B> pioah ns U7 
mnmnn nns 'js 1 ? sn tods nnnntyn nns mtsw csn n^n: jss .ypnn 
. . . i"7K^ 17K rmaDDi nupn^no - 7 - r -, -7-: na ny naxaxn nns mssi 

msria .rot?7 ^ns 1 ? D'o S7i dm iddjdji "j-y i"upjt&> eynso ■•ns^y *:s 

cyan Tjfii 17ns ^a 1 ? nnys. "ok ns wsn 7n7sn nns -nn /""rwn "nap,, 
,ir ?y imoy nns nyoasi lyisin inxap .nm c; rntyanm nna ,mnmnss>n 
: Ty 1J37 n^JB* nsnn7 ■'nxys innmj ,|"' , wk nn 7yi ynn ml'str enn 
nyrunai n:s7 nsnss ^jr^ d*»djdm BOi7n ,ji7K3 71*1:11 ntr ,nmp ns; -ns t^s 
s? .i:*) 37 db» S7i nn S7 ,tx ^n fcyn yyunm j*y 7y jyiw nny ,nis^ nms; 
lDsnjB* idd didbm ,i3~n ns nr^ ysnn ta» cisns ,! ? nsn: ,sB*n^ nn 'ny-p 
.Driven ns is'jd onstyn ^ssis ,ijnts>n nss -nsn sinsn rn^n ,*nnt» i^ns 
^mtsy ■>jkb' mys ? u^s ns nnnom T>nabn u^sn sin ^ ? fvii 'Js nc^.nn 
yoia ^nnm -n mr.on nyainn nns n-pn 1 ? n^nn ^ss ,nwy^ nrs nyn ^ac 
inny nns n^'^sps >y;n s^ ^ss n-s^* snpnn? pn 1 ^s"* l^s upyx ,-JmSS 
. . . ?«-!"••' yntf nmrpn npys ns npys nns snrs •>dki nys uisyi ism ^y 

.rjion S7 nr ?ss .cry; trsm 

•iS^s n^-^s mntt'is ns n 1 ?^ Kim ;:n pns *;ts7 ny "'yin y>an nsn:s 
rTS^w* s'i'sn ns 'jnty^ ^nnm yjn nsyn .nrn trynn ^ ^n nnp nn msn7 
13D1K1 isomty c^s^s oy D^iyty -n: t^sn ^an niyoa ns kso">i pp'7 ,, i 
^y ntani^n ,0^11^0 m^ip y ,| DB > n'7i ss^ ^nnn s:sn "rss .nnQ^on 'jsn nr^ 
Dipt^ ,nyn ^s ^n inxym n* r; s^snn nsyn .iDipnn i" 1 ? nxn s? i nnnsn 
Cisnai ^ irsn u'jis ,nsnn ntya ns nyn1> ns ,sm:m s^s^n t^sn no'jyn 
ms^s ny:: 'n nsn^ vsi 'ns mins i? t^ty ">n„ : nasi nn^nna npy>s yam 

".ns mnmts' myn mnn n ,;ssn nns"> 

v\yift : nesi u 1 ? nnyj sne^' nnsi ins mpts> nr ns i:? ww is msen 
Tcwn s^u* n^w n^ysiS nnp^nn tr'sn ,n:tap mnn Dts>n 'n-sn ,nyn nsp ?s 
nsnm a>K7 s^ssn npnn i^n nyi npnpn p? B'si7nn t^sm ,cnms «nn 
. . . jirnr* yna* pym i7ip ns enn sin ayas nya nm insy? ins 

n,nr^7 ""iw ;nis nmy s ss ^r^s n77snn ns ynn ,\ns -ns v nn„ 

"... nc:sn n'ss msnsn ns nnrin nnn?i .n^yn 7s ns nmyn ■•s 

— Sixty-Eight - 

nun igtrrriiiL Titfrmi rninn Tpsn 

nsiii: nsDi' nsa 

-^hpn' km Tinanty Ktsrun iy rnitynna' losii oiipni "'iy n':wK"D 
oioysii n'oMDn non? li pso* iibihn ono nnpio mnsn i2i ,iko misn 
own ioo 12 iKisw conn n« yon 1 ? imo-s ":k .ii pK rmn na": liisK 
- Di«mpn insi - - nuioj ini2 imaptyn dki ,itsoy t; i3Dn ni22 ^nvrj 

.n"ii7S"ni2Hj\s int? oysn ny ijk no'^io 

rnian iipsn 

a«n noKin iyo .Tpsn iy2 sinB> nno ts>"»i nosio iy2 «ints* mio tr 
mixo lrs nosio iy2 mm .cvoinn mnnsnni jkii Tpsn iy2i jnyii'ni' 
ikdi ,in2Kioi n2n« inn irs ioxy2 Kin 12 ,oiToinn iy inosio ns 2inKni 
mixo 71:12 jjxpm Tpsn iyo mio .mon sii Toyn si m2ni ijkd I 1 ?! 

.nioin ts'sj is nni 
c'i tk mion my^i nonoi nnotsn nriy mrDinn cso* -pan jv>Mn 
mix iopo styun ioi ,"r>nim htovTi i2 iyi nn2n iy nin; nyso'n mibi 
nn ,p2,ii Kit? tt>n2no sin inv nyi yxpon ns poni iina>o voinn ,mns 
ntma nsitw o^s: oioys rn-in 12 .yxpoii mioi n2io man piD Kin 
oy nmro yxpono* ii2B>2 pi mns n2D di» ii2 yxpo miKi DiToinn txb 
□nip n"c i2K .oiToinn i:: dji yxpon Taj Ktam nt2 mio :nn^ts> mion 
.on^sa i2K ,nr aiD2 citt'jaj nipim o.ioysi pm myi p^vty iiK2 
,vty liiy 11221 si ,niKB>jnn cei roinn iy Ktt>:rp si ,ksik ,nnon 
Qi.KJiti'i co:no n« Di2niK ,m pi:2 mnvD may DHiii b>i npnoK2 nni2 
,n"iSit3Di72-i c^ - n2 n i i 1 n 11222 bi'bt'i'TDi mien ns 011220 ,cntoits' ns 
coyB? pni ,cn^?n: mo pir^ itrss i , on s ,! 7i ,ciyo^3 nn:2 c , 02n ,_ i2i 12 
Kin nrn t02tt>n ^s ,d2nn ios 1:2 kjib* io2b» itrin .miana sin mane 
."ins s^ ,rnn ion ^2 hitt ,n^ns ,nimiynn poia-Bstr 

iia'rnn nipsin 

ik -lo^n jytr v\y^ iidk 12 .mion ^y i^so inr ^oio im^nn ^y 
,n2in o 1 t 2 -1 o b>i rnio 1 ?! t 2 i o n ^2 nor; *?y 010120 mm^n 
niin? k 1 ? ,121 n;is -2^^ p c: ni2tn T? ts?i *2 tyi nep sm nnon nii2y 
nyi 1 ? ni2io irs ,n^po2 11120 nvn 1 ? ^121 cnio^nno ins ^^ 2iis-i2n iion 
^anDn 1 ? ^intfi iio^nn .To'pnn iion n^Dii ^mo nt ^2 ,iniK d^siw no "?2n 
.nnon i^o m^nnn bit ^ki — cioyo on cs — oioyon rip 1 ? 1 ? i^ss ^mio 1 ? 
1021 ,"k:ti mm,, : is2 ii'jk jmni cs : nno^ n'poi si imin ins 121 iy pi 
misw nnioinne cioysi niip ^eoi .nosn iy mr si cs ii nioi si p 
nyiii niso' i2 iy pio nrni nnon iipsno ps moso* 132 ,nise irs 
tynono ,nnioinn mo ns i2i2i iineo nnon cs i2s ,nn2wn ns ^n 
ns nnio nt 12 .n2icn niiy pse nson km it ,nosn iy nno uiki 711:00 | 
]inooi nnesi nosn ns p2b iminn 12 ,nosn ns einoni imini mm 

.nnon 132 ipei nbs po sin 

iia^nm mian Tpsn 

.nt ns nt Tan is^oi miam iminn n^iiBTin cion:n i2 iy nnwi H2 
,ni2i2iy2 njoien ciomn mci pin mo ,cnMio aityi pasi mini its> »ji 
ore n:oi:n si n^nios mpoi nosn mon ,ni2nnnm mrr ,nyocoi nons 
nr is it ns nT cyan ny isxoi moi ow nnsi .cms nepi sis nicjjnn 
."1 i 3 n n 1212 nv r 7fl s^ntr 12ns ,n^:i cms i^pn mmoo n2.isi 

— Sixty-Nine — 

rpn nuiiDT 

■jams ns.ia nsn 

n^nm unata D">7iy ,a~iy ■ ,1 7'7^' niaja inmayn nxp mtf 17 atm cisn^r 
cua*n "'tr nniK ■mn-ina wn nyipa* rnr 1 ? nna ue7 .wan in^a n7aa* mi^am 
,runaa in im ns nnyts> nunjnn ni7iyan ^n nniKi ,"ncn„ runna m^aa? 
.nnai-73 own ^y' ntyyty ,b"bti n^iyn nana yiisa rft^a ',2 upan n7y nam 

: msDKi ncanas: arurs io^ 

.nyaan !7Ni2S' pinn ?y an* msioa mxxunn nunpi ,nn*m re a'aa> 
mm 7y pa ^t;n- - - o^n 1 ? naaa myvnra uni f ns , »i mica ipann 
mcr my . . . nxnn 7y mruia (ttxnsi nay ,"naa' too) niyaxsn a'7a*i ,nts>7nn 
j-iuiaa ditdi ma'am numn msns yne? . . . "pin mn„ mips onnn 7?na 
7B> ymn .tap yjT? narsam py us ma^yai ^j^wn^ 7ya sin mrnm l^sa nai: 
ims nmaiy o^p nmnx oujyi ,D ,| *inn 'a'sna paisn ~y irry? ipnann n?an 
mop nmp: pirnn niKin utjj .msam Tin -ray D7iyn 7a .mxp lyi mxpa 
ays aw wy ns pa annn pa irnno my"' "pia mn„n ns .may.! pa nna 
mipm n:m ,nson 7y mmia my u^p ".pin man,, 7ipa us nuiyi n^n? 
pmia uyjtf> ysia ,7p y;n may: .rrr, -7:n niTami ,nanpnai ro7in ypna 
. . . i^y ntana py 7a .nna naa "nn uwto? 7ya na^a aainDa Kim ,mn 
cry p^aa nave ,naan maiy us . ..pTisn nrr ns con nma as 1 ? a,x7 
T?m' ,n7~n --n it 1 ns awia D'an . . . niton mpna yns^ ma's ns. nis*i7 
nsiK enrj mnun ! nsnan sin K7sj na .nuiua niTJ pan uwjn 1 ? ?ya 
niDJai .pT'lsn nsnp? nisn nmna .~nn a-^yn 7y a*nj an nns -ns: ,d^jjd 
,mjn nioa ns uk ninnis . . . ^s a; -rv; pi nsn mias .nnun ns ts^en? 

! ! ! n'rnna n^aran . . . wan ?ipa -ns ns msmpi 

s :s ."nsrn,,: "Tyn„ -- niJi?a t\^ p?nj ninan 7a ! nrnnn maaan: 
,n^-u'z m; i7sn Tits> pa nnnnnn n^nnn dt>3 ia . . . 7smr ]-isa '"vyn,, n^i7ea 
utsm ova \prww 7d nnaa pntran ns n^cs S7 a?iya .amao ^ra nn^ai ,nsn 
nnn nn isa u^a a^anyn ns ! -ns 7ca "nsrn" nai7a nnsj ia r n ,, aaBn 7a* 
nnnnn) "njjm :r7„n nuana .na^an n^asana* n^am 7a -ja'aa rxeftw nmaan 
yv„ , a v i /'nmn? Dip ns;,, nr^an ns "nam,, n;:7a ma* ia a i ;nn ,(m , a>a 
-na* "\fxiw a^cpun c: .mm t; s a7a piay nsaa "Tyn„ 7ty "ausn n7ap 

.araa onnvb rn m:i7an 

,7aisn-nn rrri njnan ■'lisp 7aa nanna' ns?a;n nnn 7a* n7sia 7ac 
•nay 7aisn-nn nc'jr 7i-s ."Tyn,,*, "nann,, 'ava'pa na ?s naa S7a n^na* 
7aD ana^ -- 7aa ,miaTn ,nann n'a -- "Tyn„ 7a* :ni3i?an ^bd msana 
,a*Tipn pis .nsian na:7s "pjsSi ,7n;a — "nann,, 7a* :nnDam mannn .n^a'ynn 
7a> nraaaa n:na7 mai^an niann nan -- npmam ,anacn .a^inyn unsi 

.nay nut? 

naa„a uapsnn U7a ! sa - . a>aa-aa n^anan cjiDca ija'arna^y n7i; na 
asya maannn unaaj nnmai ,"ai7a*n apn„ — ",-insn npan ns ::;n7 "mpnn 


— Seventy — 

jron n-.-nr^n ntfiysn 5o $& p-ixo ?^d kni ,njnon «n s"<b> .n-ason 
nniK :y wsj wjjnn n:»3 n;r ho ."nDo„3 tmb' nw pik ti^d tna -ib>k 

^«nty px nrpiK — ns^sin nTiK.n 
inmn n« uoy ?y zzn? TrnvDro ^n ?k ^no -,r '"tdd„b> mpn *:s 
un \ww\ /iKV^on otwrp ^st^ djj oYiw n^sn 'an .lTnyi my ns ,-,:-^r, 

.no^n dd^sj n« 'jkib" 
. . . \-nrr- . . . n^^ ;z tob" 1 -p . . . 

nnncu o n ]nn on 

mp ^ ib>« iTio mpe — msDxi w iyott> 

- puc us 1 ? isDn-jro^ TD'Jn 

.na>x moiy nin"fi "inyo *n\s-i 

,n'?;n ^ ->• lyun 

rwa^o t>pi p^i ntan 

.n , : , y aaoo yiortf 'nta"" x: 

,c"n rnx'jo r>n in 
.nioia n«a rums? q« 

d •> 2 1 y n '7 IIEC pjJJD "11SD 

ntnnn unJHo nx \tx~i jro 

,rpnrtf nop nny pntr 

iimjii my rr nnots' n«i 

.rw dis'js "7ty m^nn notwro 

^onn m^sty nx tpxi dj jro 

.cmnM runo -y2 1:0^^^ T>non 

snots' us nnya' qxi 

.n^cm pnp ns rots^ tdx 

Dirnn ns nzr Tiiay 

.3np "im" 1 ^k nva ntrxm 

— mxnai 

.otfro tfta ntrxn notyj 

fiSDn-n , o'7 ■o-na \-otron 

.13X0 fin 01^3 vrxn s? -s 

Tintyn dt^i ^ nsDB> no ^y ^ 

/nnr*^ x1> mpon ns — nny nyi tkdi 

— Serenfv-One — 

mm nujan n~mD 

-U„ a . B ,« |?3 nsa 

naiB» D-^nn mis .1117 ira D^nts'B E7iyn ■on .inn 7a7a Kin D7iyn 

.ninnannn is ,nyBM is nn ,nsipni nsipn 7aa 
mm at^n ns -72 iyan .nm:; nai 7y cbmsi noy niDiipn msipna 
,nmaa mam nyai yispo nya .c'r-x: Q^as pi im onia .npinn nma fa 
iKn mawe im niKsinnB» .srs ,K7S ps .Dma-un r; lysaM pion miKai 

.iam n""D7n nKsino 
n« Tayn7 mn cms np7n .nmysn 7"' K7i Tysn ?"' ip7n mn nr 7a 
noan S7 .mi^ni n7jja7 naosai nana dk niM7i maa7 nc-K maa n^mty nrian 
naisi nn»7 iniK aMim> nyr K7i npss Dsc-tasn naai c"-: nms may dw 

-pas icic iaa yDB»„ .nB>Ka mns nu^n iki N7 lawaaa' posn7 ntpp 
CMn "ipsna "~'v„ cp7n B""Kn ma rwxnv U7 nsic "-cs min "'an 7«i 
p ,1iasy nyi 7jj mssin pno cbhiib' inai ,-pann mnnsa rural DMnsnon 

.nta 711a nan 70* npin Da ">ktd 
■wan ? dto nawn rpsm aso Kin nr: .la'ira ;vy n?n ason ann lima 
naa mana nrpsn nai ,myn ,Na"s ,pnnn ys .nB>K7 p ioai b""K7 ianB>a D«nn 
D^nn cits ysB»an oaisi ns yawn? 7amB> na ? na iDyai K7 mmaai mana* 

? nya>7 nya>n DMnsnoni DMnison 
naiBM inT>i nip 1 mv s-n 7'- ntrs"* iiDKa -701 n~7r pia n»7i 

?cis 7ra Darin pia n^7 ; D^asa 
.maa 1 ? n a •> b» 1 : km maiMn nipoonw naBnn "ok ntn pnn 72 nns 
mn nmD 1 7y ,mmn iman ^-\- 7y nisim nv;'-' -7 nt^an rn^D^n 7^ ns 
nyri 1 ' ,nny 7tr laiya riT'ab , n s t i n '■> n rn7 nsr ns ny-v s'- n^n^csn 
.rnya mtyy7 n s 7y na mipDo np-'DD" naya i«7n ^nty ija "Ww' cn^psnn 7y 
c^—ii" Dunns' D.iTpann 7aa nnnsnc x"n D^ov-ovn c^n? m:anri ny nn^ 

."inm diti n"'sna 
tym7 na ynn nua7 na^t^o m^a^n ^a nny-scn ns nsn* «an inm 
cji"insn ns 7p:a ssan, cn^rya ns pan ; n^a ns -"7 -'s ,n^an 
,T'mspB'na ]^r\: i"'s jtyn innn "as„n 7*;d n^y itao" 1 S7 D^an .nn'n-,-'n7 
n->pinyn nvnDTi ns t^p^n 1 ? t>k ynn-. ^^"n: S7 ^•'ntf qin 7a cjid ynnu* np^yn: 
.^d^d^ n^n m» una non 1 ? ^aa ]Dtn mna nn^y db>sj ns iidd 7sitr ^aty 
na^tyDB* nansn ns train ,D«na nnis^na ns ^'">ain nosya km c; 

.T>27B?a cm':- C7iy -ps yim c^nn c7-iD2 nms 
miDD ns T>pin7i 1^17 jhn ninmnn-n^nion n"'sn^ u'^ann? ■'naia 
ni7 nDD7 ,10771 pan7 7int5»n S7S ,naisn 7'tj-' ]vra jt^a csan S7 ,irmas 
nnonn 7y idb>7 na^tn snntr ,-077 yinty na sin 1107m ,nn7iys nipe 7-a san 

.trin •'aso its''" fK^io pkb» nisi.17 niMipn 
i;a Dtaiim im 1 " n^aaB* naa iiann ns 7innn7 t»k ym 7a 10a sm 
nnsn pa pnan 1 : /mi nnyi^ai nnaa ■"a ,ti''iTDn- , cinn mini prn nispnsin 

.yim aitan pa ,ipB > m 
•n^i 1 7y - ,nisan masn ns paon ia7B> ison-n^a ,sa^s ,s7aa 7iia iipan 
ninta 7y 7Sitri iaa nniD" 1 ns prn^i n* 1 ^* ,nyiM '12 inn ns ,B»inn inn ns 
.i7sn niBM niKSinn ns la^a^ya nisi 1 ? nataB» ■•Ki'jn f nB»npn insai B»ipn 

— Seventv-Two — 

n i?th 

"•>a\-i«ts>a„ ^a 72a nty3 inv sin rrnina» n'pi i' 3tsron *njn ^ 
nnnyn nats>2 .n p - s n?a2 7733 n-r uyyi aanon my .pts>7i tow ms 7ts» 
, n p - ■„■ si's pin mwa 0^337 -,s nnom nyoa np- i- n7an ps 
np-re ntypao rmnn ps .DiTts cpsn •'pnna 7ts> iwn n i 3 •> 1 n n n 
.Dioya nsa i7->as : n? ty hdk 7"rm ,jnn jru :n»in S7S 

lrvuw n-r 12- ps ,ps n p n s atsnan annsn o^ayn 73 7xs 
,n i 3 •> n 3 atsron ns yrp amn D7iyn .nns naiona p™ itsr mtyy? -ms 
.np-rx n7DQ rni?n p - > 7B> Tpasn pion ns s7 73s mants caya 1 ? 
ts H7on ts»s-n no^ai npnx ja 'n nisn ns np: csts* mais tp.ti nyi 
naipnna its" niKXT> nisxin Tits' ; n-^r- '-2 pix ,p-rx'n rmsm ,pTxn snp3 

: TlDlpHtS' 

3-,an 72 7y dt>3 D->aya c]7S vtr;7 *n3ia i«r~7 3-nria "oyn ps (s 
ts"snts> »yaB 131 nt ,m7a ts»S7 n-,7 i3yts> Dan .lay nts>yts» innm tfaats' 
7« nDn^na na\x minn 73s ,nny ns 133a ,n3ia ^aa law nsita -pan 

.ntsnn nnts> r it nt^tsa jnan 

0">nya nain nas3 dwhd» \ta ::-;- r; rwja nsana "«s T>ts>yn 
wk nany ,T»»yn pats>n 7y Ti nrn yyn i^as ,n"n yy 1327 yaa3 T»py» 

.inyi7 pax 

IITdi 7rn to» "a ,np.n * wn <st2 npns ntsnn minn as (3 
7y3i ,n"^n <m imps 7y on&w pi unasts' nn napts>nn .in nas 17 lana 
nsT'ts' ^071 nsTus' todi nin'c t>k nsn^ Tin lace wp37 n">3 n-^nn jnpsn 
n-san ^23 ri7i nr;',an ,nnn%n v,d> nas3 «in ith napts'nn ,T\*srpw D-ieys na3i 

.7V"'i -*;'->' 733 unns msnnn maits'n nnsnni 

: ysis insy aTity p 17s r.issin Tin 

ni3t ^7 psts- n«np nr laion 7y toibti n» q^nai npaa2 nn-3 'n d« (a 
737a nrn 07/iym /? nana nsoia mnns S7« tow ■>a«ts' r,D3n ^an 1 ? mnra 
7« uhi« 7^3ic m i^> T73 ]SN3 .sain nt"^;7 nts'y 7cn«T ■'iyn nna7T inn 
csn ,narnn 7S pw -c^n 7*2 pn 7^-12^ ^its»jKn 73 7^ nri3t jriw 7ts* anon 

.Tinyn dt>3 pn 73 7^yv N7 qc2.n 7s n« ctdd 

713 ns waists- ,nra nansts' pn 1 -- pii-2 131 nns nciy 'as as (i 
c^7^^ ,2in 7y3 nyns nwpv npixn niXD3t? v~^ dki .nti'iy ^nc- i2-n 
tf?v no^3 ncD t; ,13^13 ^psnta- pnpsnn p7n ,7nan ainn ns fisn 73 p-«7 
nats' 1 ' .i7S« nnpsa laTinca pats' ,7-nan T>psa3 i37ya S7ts* ,ianps3 iana2 
nt to° ^yi ,"nntai ^1 ia3iasa ,c7ta* laauts-nta- 3iy 733 nyi7 lats'aa 73m 1337 
maryna .la^s unps-uanpa ns inn 1 ' sin oats' ,i 7 -^ s lavnatM ns on^paa 
■•an naman s^n in nnats'3 jnai ,mxan nnats» 'T7 S3a ,nn3 Tiyaats' ni7 can 
nyta-3 S3- C7iy n\7 S37 leasts-' "«2T n:3„ nr 7yi ,bim 12 73 nw can n?na 

.nta atyrp Qiaya pm naap 

.p - ^ 3 npnsn ns c"p^ nts^as nr3 ias3 pi 


(*1^UJ1311 TJITDT^ lllin 

anan,, Kin laanaT r; miyn pawin nirn ,DT»n *,7iai zrs-- t; iaaB*na 
nip "iin37 mina 7ai win dk yptymr Kin sin ."f^tt'on laioiK pnan "yivn 
nrr\yfi Daan7 nt mis *pcy r; ya^n nc 7a« .idb>7 didis B>pa K7i on-imn 
-^trum a7a ~c*;2 rprrPSD^i mim? nmsjj nanK ? miK t.B'db' nan mn np ? it 
nina 1 ? rty lya^n am D^oomBo cars nann ay yaoa sr Kin .miyaa my 
nsDn-rpa -- "7KTir mpn„ idt ,noa inp ioa mn; d^jm vn nnn .it *|-m 
onnaKi ',D'i3n 7KnB" ?r„ man hd^dq ,rPDna ; ni«7pn7 7K~iB" paa jiB^-in 
K7K ,C7- my mna 7Kmr ins :s Ka K7 -rtran .iny a*ann nin -- 
mpBm moon am K7D7 Ka Kin jmimn r\";z7 pnnan n« s^snon mm nina 

.- mac? i? mnB> ns 73 ns :-i"' pin mm 'ciK7 

"ir^ 1 ? pawn,, rmtswin manna imaiaynna maa p«a nawKin irmay 
pnan m nyaaa» nns D">ma nK7m -- db>7 iKiaa 7in nsnm nnna> nmn ib^k 
noisy nana K7K ,mn ntaaai npns? cjds inaB> ms Dista mn s? n^nn .na 
oyn nnKai 211?^ nam 17 mm ia7n 73 ns anpn Kim myn T^anartf nmn 
nt^oncn K7 ik pay nfKa ^ikid nanann x7 naEncnB' aa»n cs .Kin inmK r; 
nans -st:' ike nnta sin .nniK main7n ccn K7 n^Bnan ,paan jaiKa iaoaa 
-hyp "pi Ksn7 pKn nso 7K ta^am 2 a- ni7ni d^di .maK7 -in K7 iaoaa 
«n nK r'cn'? nm^BK "re 5oa p:ynn Kin .ioy mry^ tynn 1 ? -•'K naita 
*;c; sin .onwn n^Kty ^; nnani Domain to 1 an dk n^ai nation s ^jk 
cnaiyn wn ns -i , rni'i mzcioa Sonorfi vria coya ty?^ ^K-iw^ riKi 5 
intaits' — n^ n^nn T>on Kin -k .nynn ftpi nnaa ^apnj ,k^' oya tan Dty 
nta-'tt'a pnnn Kin .]nK2 ntyyt^ no hk cc-is^ k? ,nnD2 jnn T>Dn nn^n 
nam Kin .^nis n s ;i:o Dai ?n; maaa ns~i k'jb' ^an ins* ,c^';c yts'ia it 
ipDt6>i ck ik np">DBn^ miK nnan km lrrnay >; jjnv nomnn n^trDD^ cKiy 
I'sn n^nty moa irmay n« T'CDn 1 ? ^ar k 1 ? ,i^ onaanon cniiT rnraan ^y 
miKa rn*^' Strain ^nn — raiasn ^b* i:k n^n r.n^a it moa .nD^^cn 1 ? 
^nn .mtann nms 1 ? yan 1 ? d^ib' n^siKa iB'nna'n -k nnK moo 1 ? 13kb»i joth 
■naa cnc^pi c:t2^ic djj nan^i na^ aons .c^iv^ non DiDisa ppsn 
.^Kan 1 ? rs~ ^" 1 ""' C V^ C ^*V~ 1^^ P'V'-»'^ cms .nm.T.n zsi: dk a^tan^ 
ppB»i yias tsiKa p D »n nr^'un .enm^n n^KB> nw cn27i Dnaaip ncn cms 
mannn n^^tan mr;s' niaB'iDn pa .it nta^a pnnn i«n 721 irntaD? yan? 
ivip nsn Kin .myi "mpn nna„ ,"naa ^ki,, /'ps? ii"*k-i„ :rn ,nn'a na 
n« irn Gianni pn D^aay 7nai cci: nmajja i^s-n maB'iD 1 ? T>nto 
innnnty i?"K macma T7oy ns n« crn mKi7 ijk cnir .i?'Kn onann 
inyi dk i7ap i^nn maenonsn ,D7B» b'-'K mn ;n-~- iriKi' .c^n: miaya 
K7 nn ni»ya7i enny Tainn Kin didjjb n^nn .nTnsn n'-n ,Dnjn ns Kim 

Seventy-Four — 

.DriTDjj ty mr; en 1 ? YV^ cn-rp*; "r; nv^n? rfiw Mint? cvpsn ns inns 
-s .nutsnon •ots>'p ns msism dtij^ ipnm p-nn •'disuq vn s^ m-ppsn 
mis "s DiJ3B ujn? si 1 .psn irni jmn pa rcn nans r^ ityp ^3 im 
jjtp , o Toy-i 'n mrp^ ns shots' psn nytoi thj^d o ":rn •as,, dbo 
pan sr.y ,"jm">n ri;n„ lmtnp c:-^ s"? c:i .cvn finny n:no ltf nrpn dk 
.iny 1 ? sua Bnm v"-'- -"s Tiro in 1 ? ino mis mar ^s ,idb> ns rropt? 

D"OT>X Di"PJtf -- 3py p PD'Ua DtP3 CttMS "UtS> JTinKn TTD T>n HDDl 

.-[?^tm ap-; 1 p pa^n 5>2nn spy p po^a - - oyn r; c^im d^vu 
roita^ pm is ironn cn^tr, -- sin usiio ins ^3 -- ins t3*t5 ias;y DiTUtt> 
spy p ^"027 mnwty nrnrn ids'? i:k cr,^ on^yi - - nnn\"n amrpn 
v nrn mn" 1 ,1:^ "Jf'pvf p^n* 1 ny^i ly ^sk* 1 ipaa t^-iai as* rn^n,, : iris 
'rsn'^i rwHoa °7:nm T^tftan ^ eyas ,- is ns '^s'r, d^w ns p^n? niDrn 

.p^ ns">3 ~v toms" dj? 1 ? n stint? ,nvn ^ 

7T31U H9 n IH 

"i^ons iros nsc 

'ma idijj ns" 1 nn 

.^idi -rs ib>si nisi 1 ? 

in 1 ? rpno ruin uy 

."lrnon nootso db> 

,D2> n 1 ?*; i33i ntfc 

,cv? K"OiT7 'n mm 

,ms TT" mn^ ijb> 

! IT! 'jyn ca^tm ! is 

21 s'js — w nsi inn 

.luy mico ■'S ennn ^a 

mm dub> ,0-w iiyi 

msn 1 ? ^3U n<n inn 

,ci^n2i ppnri 
.ci^n nis — its nsiJ 

■ Seventy-Five 

(*liT|rra HlDTl T1"D 

P'^tihtkd -inns nso 

mo^yji hth' ,rrpyxi -pys — aw en Tni2o .■>"« noa 7y sin 122- -nso 

.rvnnn cnansi amnios pS7 cn2ns ,n7Si:>D nans mya cnmiia'Pty 

miD07 nansn -22 tos '"-y -pn ,ips ma v; n2 mi smm2 -71:"' mim 
-itwo nann mix n'72p m7io7 irons .ims7i 78W py ^ nay 1 ? ,m7>nB"n 
UiK mim ntrnnn na-sn r; D^itsoom o^anpn nno7 ."'s'7 nnstpon nnr; 
■>h73 p7n ntyyj sin .12 noyis ntrm mi sin t^ino ,S7i S7 .nitons mis 72 bti 
Kin .772 p mr s7 psn ."."a- 72 nn inai "i7U 17SD sin .rwnpn noisa tisj 

1127 PUIIPKYJ .fit 77^2 C21 C , 71"'a7 KST> Kin .mi71B 'Oji 72 HS Tm? t|Kll?' 

ni ":27 np2 122 ",7x2 17 nai;i .na , y; oy ,',27 mms ,m:nns ay jot nnsi 
7s psn mm ra2 /rmnsi tos msDo oni« Kin too b>db .msn moipon 

.D7yn 27 

n?no ims -7-^2 .dhisj \n72 an ,its>s:3 n?2 nt omtyp mnm "Dyn 
mv^o sin nnsB>on yntt> - - aionpn nus 17 ididi U27 snip sin ntrp 
-mo -n; "21 .-ii22n 1:27 ima ^27 nin ncn ns idib nnsss>a trsi 721 -pan 
-pan impis i"y myan allots amp" 1 mnsis 7y 17 isco p a: .Dim ly -11-7 
72 oy nonisa nsa rmrp 1:27 -idib wdidj ,m?2sn msn ho ratwip onto 
,2sn iais ,nmni ,sm .mnsisn uoo: n3tt> myon ns sso7 tiaa d^ddh 
173 Tireo ,n^iDtan nnsisn ns siso7 T>7yi -pan nnsa>B7 *nnsn nxjn irun 
.oyn n?*«j Dy in 1 7sm7 c-onan ,Dna y:u7 miDS it tit ctrnpn tsHpon ma 

n« sin ty:n» .d^didh "72 iom"7 ssn nin Tpsnn ns i^y 72p mini 
S7ty H22 wsj n2ins7 mc ris n^a uj« T,:hs7i pjyn 722 nsnbn njaon 
7p^2 S7 ,mini si"a ms 17 i-ddi» nscn mrya .nyn ynsn k^b> c;i nycsn 
.mnsis n«7i2 nnin t^isn nn« tyisnn rt^hn sin myon .nnyon ns ,djdk 
nsnj n2 , nn ns inns y;-i2i .nisna 1-7*; mmy nts>npi nnnta rtn nr« "";Tn 

-l"ip7K '17 -ni!221 T' , "2 ti'T,p "'nn,, : "IDKtS> ,in^pTi 17^n ,tpi t^S T>7S 

122 sin nnty i^ptsa ti'in p;s nr^ c:n ,7ip7i nsia 1 ? nm: mm" 1 ."7S1"" 
ia:j nnty a»^nn S7 72s .D-aao ni2i nr isnsi ioy p:n7 i«n ns t^ipn 
ns ■nDts n7i22 nn^sai ^T.p rmna -- .nn^nn nts>npn .ntn D7iyn n'psn 
,r2iis "i ]'isn iDB'n 7y nnya n^\n ins2 .DDipoa myns dtji:i d^dh 
.mini 1 ? nt^np -2 72 nnma* ,nr;nn nnis2 spn "ti c^^isn DipDB' nip 
n7y 317D pnina myon ns 7^sn7 n-D- ws'j ns icoi ini2 722 nn7; sin 
.n2~ip2 nnsisn nsi ncn ns mnpvnnyon ncin: nr oy iw 72s ,a:nn7 1T2 
n2io 7 s ; ]2~ip win ns s^n n22i .nro v,y S2inn S7i pn i"y n72:i mm 1 27 


pes: isp ;ot 1^07 .n27 Tn27 mpt? I'.Dsno tysm -1:2 mnts'j no" 1 ';: 
,ttt ,i 7 nnnsn 7y oy7 nnnns maano rid qio C7is .sit^o 7n; 2S2n .'^n am 
r noy7 nTiima 20^0 ns sm c; nnnpm ioto n27n min^ nnnns 7iaoi 
.V'kd C7inn n ,| 22 ">:om mns ,nyn n2io7 nmrny ns n2 , w , oo sm 21^*1 

'ay-p sain nsa ln'pis rnya i:o (• 

— Seveniy-Six ■ 

n T3 R 

ts">wstr n'rsa nsa 

nsn us ; >niDa mpjc ltn rfijwrw ='2-1 Dn^ n? run ? "n»s„ ns? no 

miatsriDa nyipts» us natsr nny a- "nns,, : anon ns amm rrra ipsa nyf? 

Ktan lain ^ inraus ?s inrrt naa mimai wnw P ns nmoi 

.nton pio s^ca nnrfi naa ,nns ft DWipts'' 

pat? nas (s : rrprpDK tfiai n a s ^ nu-na nain B".tc ■us nirrp 

Amy 1 ? dtk pats» nas (a ; cprp ens pats' nas (2 ; nan 1 ? dim 

*n nasnts» awe .nu»Dn nasn — qivdq -ns ina Ti>Pi auiDn nt^ts? 

an ctra nast? no sPa jvjn unata n^iy .uaxy pa 1 ? uuia nasn svi nts>p 

s*n rtfna inr" nray Ps ~ irray ns ts»s uin s^> aina minatr ,Tns nun 

."toxy ns ts"s uin sp 

d^djjb^ -a ,ipts»n -o^ts-a a->ays nam oniy ran* dts pats» "nas„n p 

ns art> uPa s^ Ps ; uaa nri* annsts» na u^yaa ncsn ns d " s-n a us 

,n£pi?a — naia nap rp tw a;n — nas in ,u5> sr Ps cnns^ ms>-ft pi ,ua^ 
naian us ffwn rfa-irrti .nnsn ?s urn an^ Dits» 1*7 ps ma lain uuw ts»">'s ui 
tod D'riyn -- ,nt wpwa a^mPa ars -0 .omen ns u^n s^ r;w ma 

.opna — T?y5 Dipnai ,dn^ n b s - ns 
use 'n ns anaiy anns : D^ipn nam an aipa 1 * ens pats' "nas„a aa 
cwanat? msaa a^pa ran s'^i pnma nns mpits* naa annsa is ,Tny5 nasin 
ty ■rrn istw laa .own ^n a-'B-nai ,nms auaa — na^p 1 ? aipaai ,nnxaa 
,*!dxj? pa^ -r:^ nosn man nn mn'-nsn P^ uj ."mas s pns„a D^nya nca m 

.udsjj ns c-^ic umsB' 
.un^'ii ns i>-iyj — »>snj nosa dsi ,uany ns dnipo T>aj nn nosn h 1 ^y 
,unfs -fin^ D^in»o» omnn ns iaaj ,u^nn y:m yji p ty ^ mui ansu 
n^n^n ,ni^:n ynn pw^o idb': .D^iya ip> ;*£3nn ,|pra »on»n^ t>« yu 
,nrtaD^sn ninw hi t; is mop moa as ,c~s ua an ns njmnn nsnun 
u? ps .'131 Dvimn ,mssfi ,nri> : jn mssmm ,,-uHrt> nj.HO pa du^^d^ 
TT*K n n s n ns UDxjtfi 1^ dhujo u«n ^ r«?n^ nnia^ u«n» no ^; ano 

.ua na^^ 
Slats' ,n"a sin 'a , n .d s : sin n"apn ?"• lomna' y-n nos a^n^ s^> 

,c-pnn? 7ia^ iHyts* ,nns iid^ ty pi ns"»i isna ,ia ssojn Pi c^yn P ns 

D^iyn ^ai lajn^ts- pts^ mu -- ncsa amnb u\sts* ^ :,Tsnm .n s n 

.nTia ^a id ■ 
nunnn nai -?\s ntfiy s'- as nts»uio nns ?a : nosn ns c"pi> Pnts-j 
Diana npts>n -tm ua Ten -niyna its-s nrn pnyn ^p^> ynts-j ,sjs .nnsn ^s 
uu'ts pi !-iPmai 2-i-- inn dv ^aa sxr ntj's ^ip-nan in? u ,n?n ^ipa sj 
jssa mis yotr: nuts»n oysa rs .n^ts-s-i- oysa nrn pnm as Ps .nimtas 
.nT7ipn ns isi uu nna a; u ^pn ns nsiJ naa n^'^t^n aysai ft'ti inr 
Q^j>nni D^yna Dts-jnb nosn ftp -- nts>ss p -- ?n^p ms^ ntyss i^s 

.ncsn ^tf niiDUsn — inn en iPn 
"*>"> l^ nc nst -try: ^s ,^snts"i pns^ nnui ,a^uy^ nntiy us its»sa 
nosn nt^ts-a s: amru ,sia^ naan cjidi ,noxn psn nosn u ,yux psa s^s 
naa as .uhh miDnn nots*jn ^y nyi ts»nm ^si ,maryj ^s ,uaw nanpn 

.unnya n^ni nosn ^n^s — ntyyj 

— Setienfy-Seuen — 

pins ns-.a nKq 

,pK -pi ,m^iin nna nn'ra sin ic^n 1 ? 3K — ni3K 'pns ,Kin p ratt>3 

! mill ^3 pK -pi "-sir idj ,pK "I- ,! ?- min r«i 

,Q^iyn mais'7 c^d^i ,"ni3K ■>p~is„n ^nnn 13 ."" , :tdc min °?3p nt?o„ 

- cis H" 1 5>jj ncn pnccc min wki ,nnoi nom 12c Kim ^Kin — nraiDty 

.131D3 'no ~w'c 'nptp ns-^ysty min Kintf 

ms^t? 1>y„ :~ic"sn ,n7ii:n nDJ3 n^n ^nxn jiyDt? n3i en m^nrfl 
en D^noK nc ".cicn m^;:; tyi nroyn r;* nmnn ty — iciy cr,yn enzn 
: a^pi-im msn ^ ml'iy 1 ? vrzs -k i^n onsin nt^ty ■qy'n ! n^s Dnsi 
i:">3 cisn n3in km ,n"Ti3y ; icxy 1 ? rmn km ,nm3n spKi n'Ptrn - - min 
,ii3n cy -on ntry k 1 ? dkw .ncn 1 ? ens p3 cion-m^rar, ; Kin nps oipitf 

? n'^n^ ^T 1 "K'n-. ,ipm nyirc icn nan i5> l ra:p k^ 

nuw niBpttri .irc3 mira jsiK3 k^sjh piosn miK ns ?"n anK3ai 
nisitynn ma^son '2 ,'n ■?« ini3"ipnn piKi ,uoy crp nniK mi Pc ralw 
,"DHDn-n'7 ,, D33 ,pix3 — CK'Oim ; nmy ni33ip3„ — nnKty ,c:in3n ,vn nnrc ■ 
D^iaijm cjnsn pi k 1 ? 13 nn'ri r n^vun ncicn ibmk 1K3 ."net k^i '•nssn icn ""3,, 
,"p3 D^ino nn„ .mm no^s tfi oyn dk '3 ,n"3pn ^s 3-ipnm> oons 

- "nznn pnra^n nraym,, ^sn^sc ^ r; cyn ns nm5 nnon ^ ~ ... noK 
kic3 nyn 1 K*7i p-ip^ nm pm 1 ? no ravys i^"" n33 'n nmn cyn n.K nctf 
n^m 'nn k^k ,nmn "to rims tjp rninn snn s? -3 pn .nuit? nii'Jso "'■ , ty 

."min 1 ? re ib% — cyn 

• ««.»»»••. 

*?v pn'jyin-iK ns p3">i ,n^n:n no:3 i^iKn nai ]n3 mn 
r min3 : d^33 pn pTniT 1 'JKntri cy crpc min Kin .n^z min is pnx ik niasip 

.c , ncn-n , ,'7 , '^j3''i ,mi3y3 

^3 nvp 1 ? 3Ki psn""' oyi ,cns*n ^n^ 3K - - ! "ni3K ■'pis,, nsc inr ,p 
tast^D) pn ty — "roiy D'jiyn enzn ': ^y,, : ^k^dj p iiyo» pn n3n3 .o^iyn 
."(cy^ cy p3i ,n3n^ ens p3) m^n 'jyi r (npB« K^ty) noKn 'jyi r (noK 

.-atyn n">3n pnn nns ^Kntfi cy ^k^j nuvDJ nKi33 Kin "ni3K 'pns,, 
cno np^nDJt? ^sc ,s-pn3 nnsa'n p'Wiwn nnss^cc niK^in ns ^: Y?n 
^nvDw it nc^n,, : nas^i ,inxy3 sin ^t6>3J pficc^ .m mpo ^y maapi ,n3^n 
,n«anom ,10^ n« i^icn - - ".-rats' n3« ,nn^ i3J„ pc? nrc ."mnnsis' Oik 

nao p^nc ,hid^ ^y ^did irK^ jo 'Pi -- "spc ,-vdic k^t, n3KJ id» 

i'Kn ,^31 ^3 nm 1 ? yw nn - - "c^n K^ap p'^ s"7Ti . . . vsc nuc n33tr 
,^^n ^ uvdj imn ".13:10 anc lynp 1 ? nnin -- ^nsn cy„ noKty 103 pn^ 1 ? 

.c^nn 'jy nenn ysccn .ns* 1 nc noio uk cnoi 1 ? 

pD» ]nn ym* 1 nns pK ^ r mran33 n^p mxD3 n^nt "in,, : mens mn^ 
m^ty "7XK ca "p-'n' 1 ronsn *y"^, noKin Kin ,nt ncic^ k^sj ^b ^.nnsa ^ 
k^b^> nnfniy ,sm no^ni ,cki ck t,33 'jsk c;i ,n^p m^o 1 ? c>cn D-oannt? — jpn 

.nnK irss I'ryc ^pn 'jki ,nnx»n ns 

— Seventy-Eight — 

c^cyai nnxai mm inn — ,mtrn -pi a aisn ns -pia "mas ipna„ 
cis pa diW nasw-pK pya sin /pa ty rwrtfi tpft p^ds: *tf na*x ,a>aia 
: o^nn i^>s — idto ar no D«nn ay mo^in nnan 5o ! noiK^ nois pai ,nan^ 
nn , >mn , 'jm dtik^ Drpnunn (a^ayn) innai,, jrp , o ! ailw "n ,ps "pni n*nn «n 
"! nama np na^ s^i ,mn tia *« *ia sa" s^ ,m*iDTrt 


^y nnjw D-nnn ^a ns nxn ■>:« DftrQ laa ,-pya a^nas? mb 1 ? mp nt 
n^iiD ,pixon aynm psaxn ns wa-io ,mxsan in ns iiy ijk nyow .rs la^yi 
caaa naann ^«Pi ye* anaiy nr ay imi ...nyi a^paa pmn nrn pnftra 
?:n ns ^nnaa* cms yiima .nrn a; pnxan nta'mm nonton ^aa ns DiyoDn 

.nrn mtaenn ya"D ^an nnp'? ^nnaa-i 

troa ty ,a^a'iT ns ^xrw a-aan ty p ,a*^aan ty isc^ ijn nxn 

: nmaan 

iynana> a^aiu w r pKaxm ay-in na^s ,nsma na^s rs nmtp a^tr.Ta 
m^tM laa* ins s-oa ,c:as ,mn .qpnan 5>b> lmiaa nnn 1 ? ,tppnan is "?y cya s 1 ? 
amnion aa^a ns ac rrayn a-aiyn 'Ps jp'^tsnT ^acin ^aca pm-m-vsr 
nmn «5> myan .-nsa na>p mya •>aa l 7 ncyin a^a-iT nai ,payn naaa itya-in \d 
nmn myan s^s ,inxpn s^i iaon s 1 ? pny ^aaa*^ yjan 1 ? is laya pnnrt> as vn 
■was'? na ann a^aa nua-5 la^nn : m^xn mann ? irn npixnno nsx^ -ps 
naa .i^y iyii a^aan •uia pii ^sax iid mn nr .a^an-p na*a^m pra nc^an 
n^i ;jh^ vn rtm ,aajts ns n^s ? n^sn a^ian rn ^a nyi^ ans a^r, 
ns nptn ^as ~i:n ns nanana* ira na*p nas^a 1 ? mannty mtyy-ti'ts'i can ^a 

."nana a^aa,, : na:o ixp ^arai .a>33n 

^a naa> ^am nrxn 'pa ,a ,( a^s'7 msa nn^a'n l^nnn ins a-aa' ava 
\n^n antral .n^aa-im d^^it' ns ^xm a^aa*n p bj n\n nrn p^ynrn .nynan 
ta rpa ,aiy.n a^i a^aia aiacn -0 i^sa-na' ,ai^n laa nr way /nnatrai ■>:« a; 
ni^asa -us ^as ,13 la^a-a* na-'Sm inen nya^ psi ,v\"n njap m^ r]ic 
aa>ai a^aa'n •'am ns u^y ny rn^ni nyxn ^a ,nrn nnana* na^a* n^iasa 
,n*Ton T'yn "?-; ]irfi na in- 1 ans niaa^ iit n^yn •'as'^a ^^i^xn inn^ nty 

.n^cni 1>y ,a^iyn m^ai ^snty m^a 

Seventy-Nine — ■ 

nNi] rrtfi t\rm 

bsna hjbw rise 

n'i'ny "»pDjj fy mato^ can; "s<;n„n tya ;p?n TiDisn ,p5? tik-w -on 
□isna t]mj ,^«c iVn^n ,isna ,tfxs nxrtro nns Dya .nnDn-nna -icsj- 
nnaa iD'pn Unas ,mas„ - ■ :n5>naa snpi Dmosn n'-o its' snn Tin 1 ? 
".)•>« ■>:» nnai ? iysxK pTi ? nrn mnn ntpys nci ^sa 1 ? T?in lpxyai 
."mmn n« nam S? ncpn, — wn tf nns — ,"srn :s„ - 
.cmosn nn its' ^sib' -- "?n?ryn nei„ - 
ntrn i^o ".T? T?» — i^t -nsw on yum — ".nan 5w iaic2 ynn„ - 

.Si 1 ! 1BDDD 

.p^m n« iny ^^ Kim ji^nn t)b ty ■nny'? <is- r; wn mx ^xwd 
>73i mis snm npn ,nians -onn oy ism ntr .Dia: na^pm enns iryn nay 
.yi s 1 ?- yj s^, p^m mnsn lists' iny nyfc*n nnis toi .nwmi niTpn wv 
.ww D'lpnn ats^ ^ikb> ns nsn Kim Dmosn nn it? c::j id^pn kx^q 
"?ne nvi iovhw' nytra,, ,ims ^si"' sin "?nnn p^n,, - 

.^istr aiffc -- ,"isa„ - 

.n^n tow inn — "?T,ms n*n s? novm,, — 

.DBin^Di ^i«!i' uaai -a-in uaa n&ri 'pnon lists' ims -- "is 1 ?,, - 

"! sin c|Bod C3n insi?,, — ,idik sin — "oa^n,, - 

mnsp ;T?nn s ai r; ,]sr„ ■-- ^ann tdis -- ",inxpn s^i udb k^„ - 

".nyt^n nms ^a icy ji^in 
pxn l^K .ni'w'BrnjDD owe ia v\, ^sa ntpn nois ",nr3 n"' s ;e„ - 
* "inr^ru* T? ntr;: ?na cj pm .-"*sn ns a«no n«n nn "Tin mnsn ncpn 
"? ]i < 7*'T , 7 nnnn n-non^ nnyna n^y ts„ — "wn i>si» — van ^as„ 
imnsc i^i'n 1 ? inip ,, did:d s 1 ?,, ,nma ^ann idis /'runu ny-n„ - 

". . . ;i^i 

T» 1 ?ttJTis nam nsn 

ns 'n "7KJ p^a i"taa .d ,- isd rise ^sniy ^a ns , i^ ns ^odq nnsn ;n 
^nay ■psne* 1 •'ja ^ ia„ nasjtr .^ nnay nrn 1 ? i^ara' ns nnxia iiaytyn icy 
s^s ^snt^o pi s 1 ? TDytrn miaio ns 'n naty tsi ".pnay^ o^nay sri en nay 
.ulna n"apn nay pm c^iys nnay rs^ ,C7i*;n ^ ms-in? nsn 
□nay ni%T7 -- ait^m ^na T>psn uny 'jtain mp ididi^ nro c\sn us 
nutria piann 1 ? liny ,p:n pisa nrn T'psnn ns xtt na .c^iyn siu 1 ? d^dw 

.n^DT'-Drn wri ^y n^ya^an n^wm nn^aj 'n nnay ^ nrn *ry~ia 
^y pn p ,ni.nnsn ns p"p^i n^npn i:niin nan ns id'7'7 u ,! ?v ^2 n^sn 

/n ns rrW? ^u nmnn n-i^c ni 
pians us ]3^ ^snty ps sin nnxon ovp 1 ? "inva n^aion cipon ,n^H 
ipm ^y nconc n:nn ^Knt^ !"isn nptn rune nua 1 ? i^mma "732 nntrn'i' 
mans urns .linmay nsa n: s^s wsoaa pn s 1 ? nnua 1 ? uny .n^nnsDi mmn 
.o^nnn omn^n niayn ns Dty prn 1 ? na ^snty ins^ m 1 ?*;^ 
sxi sin l^sa mxy ns nisi 1 ? ens yn ~im "in ^aa,! :ncs irniai 
ns yvrt nptn na^sr un -niynn naya un^nr. 'n ncn ns unara ".onxoo 

.'jsnty 'jnu ,snmn nnay n-» ^y in^na 1 ? uoy 

— Eighty — 

. ..U^DDil TICD 1)) D n TTU13 DDK D17T3 

nysnuDis mn nso 

mnsi nsns ?s nsnn -j? las'? . . . im7S ?s mn 'n "iaii am cni nti 

. . . nmsn "as ?y ntaa 

luns 7K 1^"' wpao irp7M .nsns nn ?y njinnn mnaiya twsa inns 
cian n"'s ,ira ninntra iny nasi 7KC tubI" pnnn lrrnaiy .intra ?y 17 n^n^i 
ctfiya b>isi i^sn'? D7iyn 733 ri7t? asns s?n : nmsi pnnn Kin ,innin ns 
annan 13 ,-\ivx& S7 Kim ns nnsty i? tjk us est "isian mpn ns y-p s? 
niSD ns oupo lrrnaiyi ,n«tf^ 17 mans inns .n,7D7 nysn ns n^ns ,&7ynn 


inns 73s "?'7«ity -iaiy n- nn«n„ :vn inn- n-WN-n imsn? sa asns 
D3naya 7SYw'i ns cmay -pas nm nns s?s us si 1 ,, : nsns7 n:yi nna yT S? 
".?3ts imw ?y n^aisn npan isn: na-r 1 ? ynts>ai a^yan ns 

lrr^Ki .tyan isn; 73 nsi Di-iimn 73 ns ins papity asnsn "nn im7S 
atyty ioy nix ns nsn ,ianpa nnp?nn inw« 73 ,ius7 Dnniy oyn ns imsna 
7y ancie ens inn t;„ : -idkii man sti"i ,73TSi asns oyns n ,T , n'7« ns 

yotr oyn ."inns in"? — 7ysn nsi ! inns 137 ,c\n?sn 'n ns — ? cs^yon ints> 

.inns'? nan uy s?i crnji 

nan mti ens am s?s ,nsnn3 Dnpint? ns 73p S7 ,nra pancn s? inns 
eptw cnuiy 1 ? ,cnfiiDi mms nsnn cnuiy 1 ? .natsM ni:i s^m nan cn?sn mam 
. n^yin S7 miya dw\ inaxn ?y mno mn 7ynn una pnpi matyno trsa inp 
cyn ^m ,mn7sn sin 'n n nyt7 cyn lrou nnm ,cnnr ns cintsTi 1 ? 'Jyan lira 1 ? 

.cn'psn sin 'n cNn^sn sin 'n ncs^i cn^s ^y 17SJ 

nsmps -n ^3 sin ,n~"'n ,ni ncsn ;n nn?an nortfon ^y ,nrn p~sn ?n 
^n 'pns .innsn man mom pen n^yn nan^jn nr^^sn men pn .arn ca 
c'^sn ;n n:mr. ,ins yn'? nisn nrs 'n nsjp n ,nnn inns ni\n7 ^idi tr\s 
isipo 'jy Dittos ennn crn ca ."nnna ]wnw„ ncy mxo snti" c;n : ccjh ;m 
^nn ns ,mnon nsi oyn ns nnms^ ,cn-rns nisip 'jy ^ns ,niNax 'n nsap 
'n Dtyty ^STw'i nnns 'jy nn iiani ice ntrnp ^y Dt^sj ns DnoiDu* ,t!nsn nsi 
ns itynpii nnn nn^ Dityjsn isini .nrn nan nn nann ^i >snti>i c^n ^n: 
,ny^n is 1 ? dj i d a a 1 Dts»sji ceian noonii nimn-niois^n ncsn ^y eery 
ns ,t5«ioB> mnl'sn ns nni s^s nn^yn msn nmn ^y nnoian ijsd nnsi sn 

.runon ^s sa nraty ,iity onnn p^nn 

unjsi .niDis^m n^mn nasn nna ^y urns n.jn'7 ni'nnts'o in^* noma 
^snci nn ^3 n san nnn lun 1 ? iDcnnl' main inn urns ,nnan p nrsnns 
many pi un:s n ,ntn ^iynn nmes us pst? nati'j ^s .iny ^yt^j ispnnsn 
ijiDic^ nuns: nnn^-i nst^j ^as ,•&?& nonn-nm tymnn-nn nnn ns 

.san ^sne" jdsj nn nop 1^11211^71 

— Eighty-One 


— Eighty-Two — 




— Eighty-Three — 


MR. & MRS. 

» <=» •«» *» **» -^b <^ «m» -™» «» -«». ^» ^»< ■«» ^» <^» <^ ^» <^» ^k> 

MR. & MRS. 





Compliments oj . . . 

MR. & MRS. 







Newark, N. J. 


Compliments of 


New York City 

Compliments oj . . 



728 Sackman Street Brooklyn, N. Y. 

MR. & MRS. 


Congratulations to . . . 

MYRNA* on her graduation 

From her Uncle and Aunt 

Mr. & Mrs. Morris Miller 

Compliments of 


— Eighty-Five — 

Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


Wi'-h Good Wishes . . . 

19 5 1 


Your Pals 

Best Wishes to Our Neice 



Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin Katz 

GEdney 8-1507-3971 

T O B I N ' S 

570 Coney Island Ave., Erooklyn 18 

Compliments of . . . 


Candy & Stationary Store 



64-74 West 23rd St. New York 10 

Eighty-Six —_ 

Compliments of . . . , 


Lorraine & Michael 

Compliments of 

A Friend oj . 


To Shirley & Her Fellow Graduates 



Congratulations to . . . 

Our Dear Daughter FRIEDA 

! mu 'PTnn 'tr^m 'In 

Mr. & Mrs. Abraham Berman 

MR. & MRS. 


NAvarre 8-8850 ESplanade 7-8379 


DeSoto • Plymouth 


1249 Coney Island Avenue 
Brooklyn 30, N. Y. 

Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


Eighty-Seven- — 

Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 



Lots of Luck . . . 


Compliments of the . . 


Compliments of 


Compliments of . . 


Compliments of . 


To Faigy from 




Expert Prescription Service 

Eastern Parkway (cor. Troy Ave.) Brooklyn 
A Friend of . . . 


Compliments of 


Compliments of . . . 


61 Bond Street 

New York City 

■ — Eighty-Eight ■ 


Compliments of . . . 


"mini ounj?i mmm "pn "irra* 

Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


Compliments of . . . 


A Friend of the . . . 


San Jose, Costa Rica 
Compliments of . . . 




Tel. GE 6-8085 


3725 Fifth Avenue Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Compliments of . . 



Compliments of 


Compliments of . . . 



Compliments of 




— Eighty-Nine ■ 

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1237— 51st 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 

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Tel. GE 6-4744 


Quality Fruits and Vegetables 
(Frozen Foods) 

4712— 13th Avenue 
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To . 





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A Friend of 


Congratulations to . . . 

Miriam Schemer 




1363— 50th Street Brooklyn 19, N. Y. 

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B. Caira & J. Kirschner 

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— Ninety — 

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Central Yeshiva High School 

For Girls 

^.Ninety-One rr-— 
































MR. & MRS. 





■ Ninety-Two —